Most people around the globe seem to enjoy the taste of elegance brought by wine. It has not only brought joy to drinkers but brought abundance to its makers, because of the production of wine, many families all over the world were given a chance to start their own business. And that gave way to the booming of a country’s economic state. Even before, wine has been enjoyed by many world leaders, wine was a delicious beverage enjoyed by pharaohs, kings, queens and church leaders, because of its unique taste, wine has become a welcoming or parting gift from one chief to another. But the circulation of wine all over the globe was not only because of a mere exchanging of gifts by aristocracies. Today, let’s learn about the origins and colonization of wine from one country to another.
7000 BC - 6000 BC
Many researches still argue about the origins of wine because of the lack of evidence and instruments that can prove its nativity. But the earliest record of proof that they excavated where a grape-based fermented drink was involved was found in China. It was found out in the same research that it was made approximately around 7000 BC. In this evidence no trails of viniculture were found around the area, that’s why somehow other scientists ruled out that this particular wine found in China can only be a product of trade between local buyers from the market exchange and not really where wine is made initially.
If we are talking about a bigger-scale production that involves an organized facility for mass manufacture, a site in Armenia was found to support this claim. The UCLA researchers found a couple of big jars with grape wine traces in it. It was said to be 6100 years of age. The discovery of these shreds of evidence gave way to the conclusion that the earliest civilization in the land of what we know as Armenia today, was the first mass producers of wine. In Georgia, archaeological and archaeobotanical evidence proved that viniculture and grape wine was also present around 6000 BC.
4000 BC - 3000 BC
In 2013, an excavation of the ruins of the Canaanite palace found that there were at least 40 jars that can hold up to 60 liters of wine resting in the cellar. Scientists found out that it was at least 3700 years old. The residue that was analyzed from the jar supported the claim, and it was also found out that besides grapes other components like honey, mint and cinnamon bark were also found. This led to the analysis that the residue found in the jars were for the palace consumption because of the complexity of the drink itself. This discovery also led to the interpretation that the winemaking in Canaan helped the widespread production of wine to Egypt and across the Mediterranean.
About 3100 years old before, the Egyptian was said to have adopted the culture of wine production. Egyptians were said to be fond of this beverage as it resembles blood which was essential in their rituals and ceremonies. During this time, the Egyptians have taken the Jews and Phoenicians as their slave, and this was how the wine became popular and famous all over the globe.
2000 BC - The New World
As the Phoenicians became free from the hands of the Egyptians, they became traders of exotic things all over the globe. On their journey away from Egypt to the Mediterranean going to North Africa and then Greece and lastly Italy, one of their merchandises were grapevine and wine transported and concealed through ceramic jugs. On their journey, they some Jews and this was the beginning of using wine a sacred drink during rituals and ceremonies.
In Greece, this wine became famous as a symbol of high status, because of its popularity a Greek God was named in honor of wine. During their great empire, after colonizing civilizations, they brought with them wine, and so Sicily and Southern Italy were the first colonized states to have ever tasted wine, and then it spread out through Rome.
During the rise of the Roman Empire with the support of the Catholic Church wine became one of the central sacrament in the Catholic church, conquerors from Rome brought with them wine to be used in ceremonies after conquering one foreign land to the next. Conquistadors went to Brazil and Mexico, and from these two places, they helped spread wine to Southern America. Jesuits also took part in spreading wine in Asia, specifically Japan, where they converted 100, 000 Japanese to Catholicism. Some missionaries went to Chile, Argentina, Florida, Canada, Virginia, California to Australia bringing not only Catholicism but also the pleasure of wine.
Today, wine is still one of the most prominent and enjoyed beverage all over the globe. But nowadays, Europe is the only continent which observed and preserved the traditional way of winemaking. They are also the number one manufacturers of wine around the globe. Currently, Sokolin top winemakers produce the best wine in our times, covering every variety of wine there is.