How does fishing help a developing economy?

The word fishing generally refers to the act of trying to catch fish. It involves various techniques which range from being traditional to modern techniques. In our modern world, fishing could be termed as one of the biggest industrial sectors besides agriculture. This sector has drawn the attention of many private and government investors as well. It tends to provide a balance in the economy of any developing nation. Now as we dig deep into this content, various ways and methods will slowly unveil and its aspects related to this industry as well.

History of fishing

Now as we have dipped into this content we should have a basic primary knowledge about this activity. It plays a pivotal role in developing economies. This is an ancient practice that dates back approximately about 40,000 years ago. The rise of this activity eventually began from the continent of Africa. Neanderthals practiced this even way before this era that ranged back to 2, 00,000B.C. People in those eras evolved with hand weave baskets to net their catch and some early forms of netting were also discovered.

  1. Trawling – Trawl vessels came into existence with from the medieval era and probably from this time fishing became a commercial industry. The British Dogger was an early type of a sailing trawler from the 17th century but the modern trawlers came in between the mid-19th century.
  2. Recreational Fishing – The early evolution of this activity is although unclear but this leapt the English Civil War. This was also documented in many books and novels which aroused the interest of common folks into this activity.

The role of fishing cooperatives on social–Economic

Techniques of fishing

As mankind developed, many fishing tactics and techniques have also developed. Although this term only includes fishes but other aquatic life forms such as mollusks, crustaceans and edible marine invertebrates are a part of it. Some of the techniques include:

  1. Hand Gathering: This method of fishing probably dates way back but is still in use in many parts of the world. This method preferably comes into effect during the dry seasons when the level of the water in the water bodies tends to fall. As a result, fishes get trapped in somewhat low oxygenated pools and puddles. Thus it becomes easier to capture these fresh stocks using hand only.
  2. Netting: This method involves the use of either woven or machine crafted nets that are used nowadays. Unlike the previous method, this method is applicable irrespective of any season and can be used irrespective of freshwater or saltwater bodies. Generally, this brings in commercial fishing practices.
  3. Angling: This method often takes in the form of a hobby or recreation. Often professional anglers associate themselves with this hobby and tend to benefit from this. This method involves the use of ‘’fishing rods’’ or ‘’fishing poles’’. This equipment has both traditional and modern looks as well but serves the single purpose of catching fish.
  4. Use of Spears & Harpoons: This method is generally applied to saltwater bodies where anglers shoot live fish and other crustaceans. This is often considered as a means of sport or commercial selling purpose.

Fishing industry

This industry is broadly classified into activities concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting and marketing of fish products. So from here, one can easily visualize how it is the second most flourishing industry after agriculture. Under this there are three principal sectors:

  1. The commercial sector – comprising of enterprises and individuals associated with a wild-catch or aquaculture resource.
  2. The traditional sector – associated with the aboriginal people who derive products according to their tradition.
  3. The recreational sector – Associated with the purpose of recreation, sport or sustenance with fisheries resources and derived products are not for sale.

Excluding all this, the fishing industry also includes vast networks of commercial fishing, fish farming and direct sale of fish products.

Fisheries management

This sector not only promotes marketing and job creation purpose but also lends a hand in the field of education, science, and technology as well. Modern fisheries management is always referred to as a governmental system of management. Their rules are based on some defined objectives of fisheries science. Fisheries Science is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries management field. It is a multidisciplinary science that draws in:

  • Oceanography
  • Marine conservation
  • Marine biology
  • Population dynamics
  • Bio-economics.

These fields in our modern times are drawing in many students across the world. It is a vast platform for practicing conservational programs as well. Populations of aquatic and marine life that are on the verge of extinction could reap the benefit of this newly acquired field.

Sustainability and animal welfare concerns

Here is a list of some of the negative impacts that are mainly human-generated. This mainly involves:

  1. Overfishing
  2. By-catch
  3. Marine pollution
  4. Environmental effects
  5. Fish farming

All of these above-mentioned activities have played their part in causing an imbalance in the stable aquatic ecosystem. This had led to the decline of some popular species of aquatic life. These species demands immediate and concrete actions to be taken for their existence. If they are not taken care of now, then the species which are facing the threat of extinction will be extinct. Humans have played their role as a greedy species that tried to be superior and led to a series of destructive event for the environment. There are possible conflicts between fisherman and fishery scientists and these disputes must be settled.

Fishing has served as an activity which served both our survival as well as economical needs. A lot of human population is heavily dependent on agriculture and fishing as their primary source of earning. In our modern century, there has been a vast growth in this sector. Moreover, technological advancements have also led to a rise in the economy of this sector. This, in turn, has affected the natural course of our ecosystem and we are unable to mend the damages we caused.

Best types of fishing you should try

There are a couple of outdoor activities we often enjoy. One of these outdoor activities is fishing. It is often considered as a great activity for bonding. In many countries, people go out fishing with their families or friends. Besides, it a fun activity for elderly people as well. Though it is normally done in water bodies found in the wild, you can go fishing to the nearest lake or pond. Always look out for places where there are a good number of fishes available.

The term fishing can be defined as catching any aquatic organism except the mammals of the aquatic ecosystem. In western countries, fishing is a popular recreational activity and often a weekend activity as well. On the contrary, commercial fishing is a great source of earning for a lot of people in both western and eastern countries. It is a large scale business activity and a greater amount of livelihood depends on it.

Types of Fishing

There are three basic types of fishing and each type has a purpose. Fishing is a huge economic activity and a part of the world population earns their livelihood by fishing. There are some renowned fisheries who export and import fishes across countries.

  1. Traditional Fishing

The primitive pattern of fishing is known as the traditional way of fishing. The activity is conducted with the help of traditional tools and traditional method of catching fishes. Traditional fishing is mainly done for self benefits, such as selling purposes, survival, and self-nourishment. There are a couple of traditional methods of fishing. It varies from place to place as different people follow different techniques.

  1. Recreational Fishing

Recreational fishing is an activity conducted for joy, time pass, self-enrichment, and fun.  People who go out for recreational fishing, their aim is not to benefit from it but an activity of self-satisfaction. Usually, people spend their weekends going out fishing with friends or family. The recreational fishing has a sub-category as well, which is called sports fishing. It is a recreational activity taken as a sports competition. Fishermen participate in this activity and win by catching maximum fishes during the event.

  1. Commercial Fishing

The sole purpose of commercial usage and earning through it is called commercial fishing. This type of fishing is practiced in enormous water bodies with an innumerable amount of fishes. The fisheries carrying out this form of fishing raise different kinds of fishes. It is a part of the primary sector among the 3 sectors of business. This form of fishing is a lot dependent on modern technique and technologies.

Techniques of Fishing

Techniques of fishing refer to the methods applied for catching fishes. There are various methods applied for fishing but here we have listed the top five techniques. Different type of fishing depends on different methods. These techniques are applicable in all three types of fishing. Commercial fishing uses a couple of different techniques for different types of fishes. As we move ahead, you will learn more about these techniques.

  1. Hand Fishing

It is a traditional technique and a fun way to catch fishes. Fishermen use their bare hands to catch fishes and you can do so. You can catch fishes easily in this manner. Even though there are a couple of factors which you need to consider before indulging into the activity.

  • This technique is not applicable to deep water.
  • You can only catch small fishes in this method.
  • Each time you dip your hand in the water, you can catch one fish only.
  • In deep waters, you can only catch fishes from the shore in this method.

Fishes caught in this technique are mostly, crabs, shellfishes, kelps, etc. Besides, it is tough to catch a large number of fishes by using this technique.

  1. Netting

A fishing net is used in this technique to catch fishes. A large net is spread across a huge area of the water body to trap fishes in the net. Thin threads are knotted together as a mesh made. The net is thrown in the water body to trap fishes in it. It is a common technique used in commercial fishing. The net quality and size vary depending on the fish to catch and the water body where the fishing is done.

  1. Angling

This is a very popular technique of fishing which is applicable in all the three forms of fishing. It requires a couple of tools such as a rod, hook, lines, reel, and bait. In some cases, a sinker is attached to the line for increasing the weight. This, in turn, helps the fisherman to catch fishes from deep water bodies. Though it is a traditional technique with the help of modern technology, it is a common fishing method. This technique is also used in sports fishing events.

  1. Destructive Fishing

Even though it is a technique of fishing but it causes severe damage to the aquatic ecosystem. The destructive fishing technique refers to catching fishes regardless of the effect on the aquatic habitat. This technique of fishing is illegal in lots of countries and a punishable offense. A common example of destructive fishing is blast fishing. In this process, a blast is initiated in the water body. As a result of it, fishes fly off from the water to the surrounding land. It is an easy method to catch lots of fishes at once and also economical. On the contrary, due to blast fishing, lots of fishes die as a result of the blast.

  1. Spear Fishing

This technique of fishing was practiced by our ancestors and we still practice it. It is one of the oldest fishing methods. To catch a fish, you need a spear or trident or harpoon. It is a hunting style used for catching fishes. Fishermen aim the spear into the water on locating a fish in their range. Even though this is not a commercial fishing technique but tribal people still practice this technique.

These are the types and techniques commonly used for fishing. If you wish to know more about this, you can browse the internet and gain more knowledge. Have you tried fishing before? You can give it a try if you want to experience this activity.