5 Weed Strains for Beginner-Level Cannabis Growers

Growing weed is becoming more and more popular around the world. Not only is cannabis becoming more accepted as a medical treatment, but the world is accepting that weed really isn’t so harmful. Unlike alcohol and other drugs, marijuana is non-habit forming and could actually do your body some good.

For all you Canadians out there who have recently searched “how to grow marijuana in Canada” on Google, we’ve got your back. Since Canadians in most provinces can now legally grow their own bud, more citizens are growing for the first time. People all over the world for that matter are giving growing a go (regardless of the legality of it).

The first thing you need to know about growing is that you can simplify the process in several ways. The first thing to do is pick the right strains; certain strains of cannabis are more finicky in the growing process, while others require little attention. Here are 5 easy weed strains for beginner-level cannabis growers.

Green Crack

The name Green Crack might be misleading since this is not crack at all, but rather it’s just some powerful kush. Not only is Green Crack potent, but it is also extremely easy to grow. This particular sativa strain has been an outdoor staple of the California cannabis scene. Some people say it grows “like a weed” (no pun intended).

If you are just starting off growing and want an easy strain to ease into the process, this is the one for you. It has a relatively quick flowering time and produces a good amount of bud. Unfortunately, you won’t be able to find seeds of this stuff, you’ll have to get your hands on a few clones.

Blue Dream

Blue dream isn’t just popular among smokers, it is also popular with growers, especially with those just starting off. With some strains, you really have to watch out for potential problems like root rot, but Blue Dream plants are basically resistant to it. Once your buds are properly harvested and ready to smoke, you’ll love the blissful high you feel from smoking it.

Dutch Treat

Dutch Treat is just as it sounds; it is a strain from Amsterdam and is literally a treat to smoke - and to grow. It is an indica-dominant hybrid strain that gives off a sweet aroma and leaves you feeling happy, relaxed, and a little hungry. Most first-time growers have a pretty easy time with Dutch Treat.

Cinex

Similar to Blue Dream, the strain known as Cinex is resistant to problems like root rot and mildew. This is something that beginner growers often struggle with, so choosing a strain that stands strong against these things is important. Cinex plants tend to be short and bush-like, making them perfect for an indoor grow operation.

Gorilla Glue #4

Whether you’re a cannabis connoisseur or not, chances are you’ve heard of GG4. It smokes well with an amazing flavor and it also grows well, especially if you’re growing in a small space. One of the biggest struggles for new growers is getting the nutrients right, but GG4 seems to do alright on its own.

What You Don’t Know Can Hurt You: The Surprising Facts About Nutrition’s Role in Recovering from Addiction

If you are recovering from addiction, then nutrition might not be your top priority at the moment.

You might want to change that.

You've probably been to hell and back again. Facing the most difficult fight of your life.

Coming out the other side of recovering from addiction is, for many, a rebirth. You may be ready to do whatever it takes to not have to go through that again.

How can you set your body up for a healthy future?

It's not surprising that addiction takes a toll on the body's health. The way you nurture your body moving forward will play a role in your overall wellness and quality of life.

Believe it or not, nutrition plays a key part in recovering from addiction.

Truly besting an addiction requires a total lifestyle change. We've gathered together important facts about nutrition and recovery from substance abuse so you can continue down a successful path of recovery and personal care.

Why Nutrition Is Part of Recovering from Addiction

There is a strong correlation between gut health and addiction. Nutrition experts are noticing strong connections between the rising number of food addictions and the opiate epidemic.

Some say all individuals seeking addiction treatment should also be screened for an eating disorder.

The reason is that in today's world, many children are exposed to unhealthy foods that high in sugar that stimulate the reward system. This harmful relationship with food can turn into an eating disorder and potentially an addiction later in life.

What Does this Mean for a Recovering Addict?

Nutrition for recovering addicts is essential. Oftentimes, addicts recovering from alcohol and drug abuse will turn to other addictive behaviors that are harmful to the body.

For example, many turn to energy drinks, caffeine, nicotine, and sugar. This is substance seeking behavior that results in an unhealthy diet.

Of course many would agree that these habits are a favorable alternative to alcohol and drug abuse. However, practicing healthy nutrition early on will set you up for success.

In fact, an addict is more likely to relapse when they have poor eating habits.

A healthy diet can improve your body and mind, which will further aid in your recovery.

Can Good Nutrition Prevent a Relapse?

Further studies are directly connecting gut health and intestinal permeability with alcohol dependence, depression, and anxiety.

Surprisingly, when the alcohol-dependent subjects went through detox, some of them developed gut leakiness. These patients became increasingly depressed and had stronger alcohol cravings than those who didn't.

It's possible that this is a reason for many alcohol and drug relapses.

There are many signs that there is a direct connection between the gut and the brain. This is why it is so important to learn about healthy nutrition for recovering addicts.

The damage that drugs cause on the body has long term effects that proper nutrition can help to heal.

For example, alcohol directly contributes to liver damage, heroin targets the gastrointestinal organs, and certain stimulants cause malnutrition because they suppress a person's appetite.

Heal Your Body from Within

Nutrition is so important to learn now that you have successfully begun the recovery journey. Now is a time for healing and you can help your body through this process.

You're not alone in this journey.

If you're recovering from an addiction or would like to begin this process, you can find out more about nutrition catered to you at a clinic that specializes in sober living and recovery.

You have a support system waiting whether it is at a clinic, through a nutritionist, or with a personal healthcare provider.

Resources for Your Recovery

Recovering from addiction is an ongoing journey and we offer a variety of resources to assist you in this process.

If you're interested in learning more about changing your lifestyle and improving your health, then check out our ongoing articles that include nutrition and recovery from substance abuse.

Navigating the Complicated World of CBD

CBD products are everywhere, and a lot of people are jumping on the bandwagon to produce and sell their own CBD oils, lotions, edibles, and more. Market controls are relatively young, so how do you find good quality products that are right for you? Here is a few ways to help you navigate the seemingly-complicated world of CBD.

Research the company

The company that produces your CBD oil or other product will have everything to do with the purity and efficacy of the end product. You need to know about their reputation in the industry, their manufacturing methods and how they extract the CBD, and where their hemp is grown.

Find out about reputation

Quality products quickly get a good reputation, so asking around and doing a basic Google check may turn up something informative. You can also check out industry news and reviews from The CBD Insider to keep up with the latest trends and find objective reviews of products.

Investigate manufacturing

There are several ways to extract the CBD from a hemp plant, and some are definitely safer than others. The cheapest way to do it is with solvents that are dangerous to human health, including hexane, butane, and pentane. There are two other extraction methods that are more expensive but safer.

The first is to use grain alcohol to remove toxins and extract CBD, and this method seems to produce the best quality and largest spectrum of cannabinoids. The other safe method uses high-pressure carbon dioxide and produces a very pure product.

Look into how the hemp is grown

Hemp and rice have something in common: they are both hyperaccumulator plants. These are plants that soak up an unusually high amount of whatever they find in the soil around them. This means that if they are grown in good soil, they become rich, healthy plants.

If they are grown in poor soil or with chemical pesticides and fertilizers, however, these plants will soak up more toxins and heavy metals than other plants, making them far more dangerous for people to consume. If a company’s hemp was grown under organic principles in good soil, you can be sure the final product is safe.

Look closely at the label

You can learn a lot just by making a habit out of carefully checking out the labels of everything you consume. This is good practice whether you are buying CBD products or items at the grocery store.

Check the THC levels

THC is a type of cannabinoid that can be found in both hemp, the source of CBD products, and in marijuana. THC is what gives a person the high associated with marijuana use. The best quality CBD products will not have more than 0.3 percent of THC.

Producing good CBD without THC requires careful effort and some expense. An unscrupulous company may not bother, so always read the label thoroughly to make sure you know what you’re getting.

Check the spectrum label

There are many types of cannabinoids in a hemp plant, and research suggests that we derive the most benefit when we are able to access the greatest spectrum. There are some products that advertise as particular CBD isolates, but the smart move is to check the label for the terms “Whole Plant” or “Full Spectrum.”

Demand objective tests

If you still aren’t sure about the quality of what you’re buying, you can also look for products that pay for objective, third-party testing by a reputable laboratory. The lab will test to make sure the product is everything it claims. 

This means testing the levels and spectrum of the CBD, ensuring THC levels are as low as advertised, and verifying that the product is safe and pure.

The world of CBD products is currently a bit like the Wild West, but there are ways to ensure you are getting the best possible product. Do your due diligence and you can have full confidence in your choice.

Why Switch From NSAIDs to CBD Oil for Treating Pain?

Chronic pain has become a frustration for most of the individuals. The athletes hold a prominent place out of them. This can keep them away from achieving their optimal performance levels as well. In order to overcome chronic pain and the other health conditions associated with it, people tend to use NSAIDs. NSAIDs, which are also known as Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs are in a position to provide relief to people who are dealing with chronic pain.

From a variety of experiments conducted in the recent past, it has been identified that NSAIDs are in a position to lead human beings to a variety of side effects. The possibility of being subjected to these side effects increase along with the time period that you use NSAIDs. The usage of NSAIDs can cause heartburn and stomach pain. In addition, people have to experience dizziness, headaches, and liver diseases. Some of the allergic reactions, which will be triggered by the usage of NSAIDs include throat swelling, wheezing, and rashes. In some of the instances, people who use NSAIDs are subjected to bleeding as well.

Using CBD oil as an alternative to NSAIDs

As you can see, you are never encouraged to consume NSAIDs to overcome chronic pain. Instead, you are encouraged to look for a better alternative. That’s where CBD oil comes into play. CBD oil can also help people to overcome inflammation and chronic pain. However, it is made out of all natural ingredients and it doesn’t have the ability to trigger any side effects in the human body. Therefore, people who consume CBD oil will be provided with the opportunity to keep the peace of mind in the long run. When using CBD oil for back pain and other health conditions, you don’t need to worry about anything.

CBD oil is mainly derived out of cannabis. However, it is different from the other marijuana-based products available for your purchase in the market. In fact, it is made out of low THC and high CBD hemp. Therefore, you will not get high with the application of CBD oil in your body.

Can CBD oil help you with pain relief?

Now you must be wondering whether CBD oil is in a position to provide assistance to you with pain relief. If so, you don’t need to stick to NSAIDs. Instead, you can simply use CBD oil and you will be able to overcome pain.

During recent years, CBD oil became extremely popular. The popularity of CBD oil increased among medical practitioners and doctors as well. That’s because scientists and researchers were able to discover a large number of health benefits that are linked with CBD oil. According to these experiments, CBD has the ability to interact along with the human body via the endogenous cannabinoid system. This system is responsible for maintaining the overall balance of your body. In fact, it can contribute a lot towards the hormone regulation, appetite, sleep, mood, immune response, and pain.

A detailed study was conducted back in 2013 to figure out more information about this relationship. The results of the study were published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. As per the study, it was identified that CBD has got a large number of medical properties. Scientists discovered that CBD can fight against psychosis disorders, inhibit seizure activity and reduce vomiting and nausea. This motivated the scientists to conduct deeper studies on CBD. That’s where they were able to figure out the pain relieving and anti-inflammatory properties that are linked with CBD oil.

From a variety of experiments conducted in the past, the ability of CBD oil to treat and prevent inflammatory disorders and pains in the body are proven. If you are looking for a quick and effective method in order to treat an inflamed joint or a muscle, you just need to take some CBD oil and massage directly on the affected area. You can massage CBD oil directly or you can mix it with lotion and apply. It can relax the muscles and provide you with immediate relief. On the other hand, you will be able to take CBD oil orally as well. When you consume CBD oil orally, you will be able to provide assistance to the soreness of the body and pain that you will have to experience after a heavy workout session or an injury.

More and more athletes are getting to know about these pain relieving and anti-inflammatory capabilities associated with CBD oil. As a result, they tend to stick to CBD oil without keeping any doubts or second thoughts in mind.

There are no long term side effects linked with the continuous usage of CBD oil as well. As a result, many people are making the switch from NSAIDs to CBD oil. It provides them with the opportunity to improve the response of the body towards pain. You will never have to deal with any of the side effects that NSAIDs can lead you towards.

CBD oil doesn’t make you feel high

Last but not least, you need to keep in mind that CBD oil is not in a position to make you feel high.  Most of the people feel a bit hesitant before they use CBD oil. That’s because they believe CBD oil is in a position to make them feel high.

CBD is a non-psychoactive ingredient. That’s because it is not acting on your body on the same pathways as compared to THC. They are being called CB1 receptors. These receptors highly concentrate on the brain. As CBD is not in a position to interact with the CB1 receptors, there is no possibility for you to get high.

Due to all these reasons, you can think about using CBD oil as an excellent alternative to NSAIDs. You will love the results that you get without any side effects.

One Easy Way to Buy Cheaper Meds

From senior discounts to more free time to pursue your hobbies, age brings with it exciting privileges. However, it’s no secret that older folks often need more medication than their children and grandchildren, and in the United States, life-saving medicine may be very expensive.

Buy Medication Online from Canadian Sources

Many Americans are now looking towards Canada for cheaper medication. Unlike the USA, our northern neighbor’s pharmaceutical industry is strictly regulated by the government. This means medications in Canada are significantly cheaper than the USA. In the past, American consumers have traveled across the border to shop for cheaper drugs, but now, you can order drugs online from a Canadian pharmacy and have it shipped straight to your door.

That Sounds Great, but Is It Safe?

While it’s true that there are criminal sites masquerading as legitimate ones out there, you can rest assured that safe, reliable websites adhering to strict protocols do exist.

For example, a Canada pharmacy referral service like Rx Connected sources medications from licensed pharmacies that have been approved by the regulatory bodies of their country of origin. Patients must have a verified prescription in order to access these drugs, and controlled substances such as benzodiazepines and narcotics are not available. You may also choose to order your drug specifically from a Canadian pharmacy or another country if it is available from your country of choice.

Buy Generic

A smart rule of thumb when buying medication is to always buy generic. Generic and brand-name medications are practically the same. The only difference is the price. In the United States, generic medications are only approved by the FDA if they are “bioequivalent” to the original brand-name drug. This means the active ingredient – the substance that treats your condition – remains the same and performs with the same effectiveness.

You can learn more about generic drugs from the official FDA website, or talk to your doctor.

A Few More Tips

It’s perfectly understandable to be cautious whenever you buy something online. Do thorough research on the sites you visit and be extra careful when submitting any personal information. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to call the company directly, or even ask your doctor to speak with them. A legitimate company will be more than happy to answer your questions. Be aware that scam websites are common and may look very legitimate, sometimes even displaying a Canadian flag when they are not connected to Canada in any way.

If you have further questions or concerns about buying medication online from a Canadian pharmacy, contact the Canadian International Pharmacy Association (CIPA) for more information on regulations and safety.

What is a Dab Rig and How to Use it?

A dab rig is also known as an oil rig. It serves the primary purpose of smoking rosin, CO2 oil, glass, shatter butane hash oil (BHO), and other concentrates of cannabis.

The dab rig is specially made out of glass. The main part of the rig will look like any other bong and the skillet (made out of titanium, quartz, or glass) will hold the heated dab concentrate.

The skillet or nail should be made out of a substance that has strong thermal stability because of the high temperature that is needed to vaporize cannabis concentrates. The concentrate can be placed on the dab nail using a dabber.

A butane torch is used to heat the dab concentrate on the dab rig nail, allowing the user to inhale the vapor released by the dab rig’s mouthpiece. The dab rig should be able to withstand dangerously high temperatures in excess of 400 degrees Celsius so that instead of combusting, it merely vaporizes.

How to Use the Dab Rig

One of the most recurrent issues faced by beginners according to the online blogs and marketplaces such as Smokesmith Gear is the proper use of dab rigs. Keeping this in mind, here we describe its proper use in a few steps.

Watering the Chamber

Start by adding water to the dab rig’s chamber. You should blow into the downstep to stimulate water bubbles. If the force of your breath is causing the water droplets to splash up and into your mouth, pour some of the water out.

Seasoning the Nail

The skillet should be made out of titanium or quartz for ideal results. Your first step should be to season the nail. This is because brand new nails are manufactured with fresh materials that might contain trace elements of natural minerals. When they are heated to exceedingly high temperatures, the dab nail’s pores will expose some of these metals. This will make for an unpleasant smell and taste, making for a bitter first experience.

Seasoning fills up those pores with carbon burnt off from the oils. This halts the leaching process in its tracks. For seasoning, heat the nail in the rig with your hand torch, and once it starts turning red, use the dabber to apply essential oil concentrates over the nail’s head. Once the nail is fully coated, remove the nail and cover it with water. Repeat this process a few times before you use the new nail.

Preparing the Dab

To prepare the dabber, pick a small amount of concentrate.

Heating the Nail

Use your hand torch to heat the nail. Make sure that the flame is pointed away from the dab rig to prevent cracking the glass. Heat until the nail becomes red hot. Set it aside and wait for one minute.

Waiting

You should wait until the red hot nail reaches a certain cooling point. Once it is no longer red, it will have reached the temperature needed for a consistent smoking experience. For your particular nail, you will have to count down a few times to get the optimum temperature. This time can vary based on your oil rig, skillet, and personal taste. 

You should experiment with the timings until you get it just right. Some users put down the ideal time at 10 to 30 seconds before moving on to the next step. 

Placing the Oil on the Nail

After you have determined that the nail has reached the optimum temperature, pick up your dabber and place the oil on the nail. Slowly rub the end of the dabber around the nail’s interior edges.

Inhaling With the Mouthpiece

If done right, you will see vapor filling inside the glass as the oil concentrates begin to melt against the high temperatures. Now, simply inhale the herb as it escapes out of the downstem. You should ideally inhale until you no longer see vapor in the chamber.

Exhale and Inhale

Once the vapor is out of the chamber, lower the dab rig and exhale. Continue to heat the nail and insert the oil as many times as needed.

Cleaning the Dabber and Skillet

Use your hand torch and heat the end of the dabber that touched the oil. In just a few seconds, the residue will have melted away. Wipe any remaining residue with an alcohol swab. You can also take a Q-tip dipped into a bottle of isopropyl alcohol. Use it to clean the inside of your bong. Next, use the other side of the Q-tip to wipe it dry. This method will ensure that your skillet will live for a longer time and that you get maximum flavor from your oil concentrates.

What To Expect From A Drug Rehab Program

Rehab programmes are actually recovery havens. It is important that people actually learn what goes on behind the walls of the facility. I tend to think that with the rising numbers of drug and substance abuse, then rehab centers and facilities are what we are looking at to help secure the future. The thing with rehab is that they can actually have awareness programmes and also success stories. With such a track record then our future will be in safe. Most people will not fully understand what really goes on in the facility, but thankfully I am well endowed in that. By the time we are done here, you will be an expert at this too. Here is what you can expect from a rehab center

  1. Medical care

This is the basic thing in a rehab facility. Most addicts will have a tendency to have very poor health. The thing with drug and substance abuse is that it weakens the body's immune and metabolism system. With a weak immune system, you can only be sure that your health will go down the drain faster than you care to admit. Rehab facilities have experienced doctors and health personnel who will guide them to a healthy living.

  1. Follow up sessions

You only get the best from the best there is in the market. A good rehab center such as https://www.ambrosiatc.com/locations/florida-drug-rehab-singer-island/ will ensure that they have follow-up sessions on their clients. Despite the fact that you are now healed, for lack of a better word, does not mean that there are zero chances of relapse. A study has shown that 78% of patients that come from rehab centers and are not given follow up sessions will relapse in a timeline of two to six months. This is actually very vital when it comes to rehab. This explains why some facilities will have such a high rate of success rates up to 10k+ stories.

  1. Mental therapy

If at all drugs did not affect the mind and the body then they would be part of our everyday diet. Drugs get directly absorbed into the blood and some will have direct contact with the brain. This explains why people will all over suddenly change once they start using drugs. That is the reason why many people run away from addicts as you cannot really trust their judgment and their point of view is quite shallow. Now rehab is expected to take care of this. How do they do this? The first thing is making sure the client is comfortable. Imagine a rehab session on an island with the cool atmosphere no noise and with all the fresh air you need and all the time for meditation. The second thing is now where the specialists will start with the therapies and come down to the level of the client and try to understand them. From this point of view it will be quite easy to deal with the mental aspect. Therapies such as art therapies, marriage therapies, and even music therapies play a major role.

Incoming search terms:

  • ring2pf

5 Essential Tips for Buying Prescription Drugs Online

Buying prescription drugs online can be a great way to save money on medicine. However, a lot of pharmacies online may be involved in illicit practices and could be putting your money and safety at risk. Buying drugs in general is something that should be taken very seriously, whether it’s on or offline. If you aren’t familiar with the whole process of buying prescription medication online, here are a few tips to ensure that you remain safe and that you get the proper quality as well.

Be Aware of the Dangers of Bad Online Pharmacies

Before you start looking for an online pharmacy, you have to be aware of the possible dangers of dealing with a bad supplier in the first place. Many will not hesitate to cut corners in order to turn a profit and this could end up putting not only your life, but your personal information and property at risk as well.

Some online pharmacies are just elaborate phishing schemes out for your personal information. And you can only imagine the type of information someone who you order important prescription medication from can have on you. You could also end up with malicious software from the pharmacy’s site as well.

And we didn’t even touch on the actual drugs yet. You just never know what you could get when you’re buying medication from a shoddy supplier. The medication could be past its expiry date, not have the proper dosage, incorrectly shipped, stored or packaged or have down right toxic elements in it. So, unless you want to play with your personal health, going for just any online supplier is a recipe for disaster.

How Can You Find a Reputable Source?

Well, there are many signs that you could look when searching for a reputable Canadian pharmacy online. First of all, try to find out if they’re CIPA or PharmacyChecker.com approved. These organizations have been in operation for many years and have a gained a solid reputation when it comes to overseeing online pharmacies by inspecting dispensing facilities periodically. They also do everything in their power to enforce strict privacy and safety controls for patients.

Approved suppliers will usually require that you provide a valid prescription. If they don’t, then this should be seen as an automatic red flag. They will also usually ask for medical and demographic information so they can build a health profile with your own personal medication history. This will ensure that you reduce the risk of bad drug interactions.

In addition to making sure that you get the proper medication, they will also have a pharmacist on staff that should be available upon patient request and be able to provide information. Good online pharmacies will also have strict measures in place to protect the client’s privacy and make sure that their personal information is secure at all times.

Also, try to check if they actually have a valid phone number and address on their website. If you can’t at least find a toll-free number, then you shouldn’t even consider working with them. Legitimate online pharmacies should offer easy access to their clients as much as possible.

Only Buy from Local Suppliers

Some people might be tempted to buy drugs online from a foreign source, but this usually is a bad idea. This could lead to a whole variety of logistical and safety issues. For instance, you could have to deal with customs, wrong weight, or wrong dosage issues. Or you might not get the drugs you ordered altogether. Not to mention that it’ll be much more difficult to go after them if something happens and customer service can be elusive to say to the least in some cases. So, think twice about buying from overseas suppliers.

If you’re from the US or Canada, these are the only two places you should consider buying your drugs from if you’re going to go for an overseas supplier. Both countries have similar regulations when it comes to drugs and it will be easier to get recourse in case there are any issues. Also, communication will be much easier and you’ll not only help reduce miscommunication issues, but you’ll understand instructions and recommendations better as well.

Try to Gauge the Pharmacy’s Reputation

Going online and doing your research on any pharmacy you’re thinking of buying from is essential before you make a choice. Online pharmacies are popping up everywhere, and finding a reputable one can be difficult. Visit discussion boards related to your particular condition and ask about the online pharmacy you were thinking of buying from. Sometimes, just a simple Google search will give you everything you need to know about the pharmacy in question.

Make sure that they have a solid track record for fast delivery, good customer safety and that they’re easily accessible. As a matter of fact, it would be wise if you gave them a phone call to see how you’re handled as a client. If the people working with you seem knowledgeable and genuinely helpful, then that could be a sign of an online pharmacy that actually cares about its clients.

Make Sure that the Price is Right

Last, but not least, you also have to make sure that the online pharmacy you’re getting your medication from is actually allowing you to make savings. If you have to pay heavy taxes, shipping, and custom fees on top of the medicine’s actual price, then you might end up with not much of a deal. So, make sure that you know how much you’ll have to pay in total to make sure that the savings are actually worth the hassle. Great online pharmacies will usually have generous discounts on generic and/or brand name medication, so make sure that you go with a pharmacy that is at least competitive.

Buying prescription drugs online can be a breeze once you understand the process and know what to look for. Make sure that you follow the few simple tips in this article if you want the experience to go as smoothly as possible.

From Laboratory to Medicine Cabinet: The Process of Developing Drugs

On any given day, almost everyone deals with medication. It may be a few aspirin for a headache or an antibiotic for a sick child, or countless other products. Whatever the product and whatever the purpose, it has its roots in laboratory and a resulting FDA approval process.

We all know that's how new drugs come about, but what is that process really like? Generally speaking, drugs go through a process of five steps to reach your local pharmacy.

  1. Development

This is the obvious step, where a particular compound is created in order to address a particular health issue. It seems fairly straightforward, but there can be a lot of logistical issues involved due to the long time it takes to get the chemistry of the product to exactly the right composition. The process must be carefully managed during transitions in personnel, situations that have the laboratory moving to a new location, and changes in funding.

  1. Preclinical Testing

Next is the process of verifying that the product does indeed achieve what the researchers are hoping it will achieve. This also involves testing for potential side effects and adverse reactions. It can also encompass testing the products chemically in test tubes as well as in test animals, such as laboratory mice. There must be satisfactory results in terms of both efficacy and safety before the process can proceed to the next step.

  1. Clinical Testing

That next step is actual use in humans. This process takes place over a period of years, and it works its way up from very small groups to much larger populations of test subjects. This allows the researchers to minimize the number of people exposed to the risks associated with a drug that is still largely unproven. As it is proven safer through each step, the number of subjects is increased to see if the health results can be replicated.

  1. FDA Review

At this point, the researcher submits all pertinent applications and data results to the FDA for review. The agency examines these documents and verifies that appropriate standards have been met. There may be a request made for additional data or for clarification of the information provided, but over a period of months, the drug completes the process and is ready to be placed on the market and prescribed by health care providers.

  1. Ongoing FDA Monitoring

Occasionally a drug successfully navigates the first four steps, only to be determined later to have dangerous side effects, undetected allergic properties, or just inadequate performance. The FDA continuously monitors medications, particularly immediately after their release, to ensure that any such unintended outcomes are quickly addressed by the manufacturer, either with recalls, the provision of additional information to patients, or perhaps even through a complete removal from the market.

When we have a medical condition and can quickly address it by simply taking a few pills each day, we can underestimate just how hard it was to get that product to us. This is the reason for the frequent public discontent when a new condition such as HIV emerges and is not immediately addressed with a new pharmaceutical.

While it can be a frustrating process, particularly for those who desperately need treatment, the fact is that the process is extremely important and must be slow and deliberate. Each step contains many layers of review and verification so that when a product finally hits the shelves, patients can have a high level of confidence that it will perform as advertised with minimal risk of detrimental side effects or reactions.

How to Quit Drug Addiction and Avoid Relapse

Drug addiction is a menace that is stealing the future of millions of people around the globe. Experts say that it is easy to start using but quitting is one of the most challenging experiences that anyone can go through. In most cases, people who are trying to quit drugs end up relapsing and falling back to their old ways.

Knowing how quitting drugs for good is next to impossible, this post is meant to help you have a smooth withdrawal process. That said, please read on…

First things first though, you must enroll in a drug addiction treatment program. Fortunately, there are trusted recovery facilities that are ready to help you make a successful recovery and live a drug-free life thereafter. In addition to starting a recovery program, the following tips will help you reduce your chances or relapsing every time you begin to show improvement:

  • Mind your circle of friends – Know the saying, ‘You are who hang out with’? Well, believe it or not, once you have decided to stop using and live a clean life, you should change the people you hang out with. Most of the time, people who are addicted to drugs hang out with other drug addicts. So, you cannot be in the process of quitting and still be around people who are using. When you make that decision to be clean, clean up your circle first.
  • Stay away from your usual meeting places – Let’s be honest, drug addicts have private meeting places where they meet to use and/or buy drugs. For a smooth recovery with minimal to zero chances of a relapse, (please) avoid going to such places. Truth be told, chances are high that when you visit such places, your desire to use might be triggered and in the end, the temptation may overwhelm you.
  • Think about visiting a sober living home – This one of the most trusted ways of drug addiction recovery. Fortunately, there are hundreds of trusted facilities like sober living Houston that are ready to give you the support you need for a successful treatment process. When you are in a sober living home, the chances of you relapsing are very minimal because in such a place, there are great people who believe in sobriety. This means during times of temptation, you will have a support system to see you through.
  • Avoid stress – Stress is one of the leading causes of drug abuse which later advances to drug addiction. Most people will start using to forget the troubles they have in life. Sadly, in as much as this is not a solution to the problems that you might be facing, drugs might make you worry-free for a few hours or even days. However, do not let stress break you to a point of going back to drugs. Find something to do when you are stressed, preferably something that you love doing like art or music. This will help keep drugs off your mind.