The Specialty of Sports Podiatry and Treatment Methodologies

Sports Podiatry is a specialty which deals with the treatment of leg, ankle, knee, and feet injuries by altering the function of the lower limb by using a variety of treatment methods. The methods can include changing footwear, using insoles and different types of exercises. A skilled sports podiatrist will assess the pattern of an individual's foot strikes the ground to understand its impact on the corresponding joints.

On sustaining any types of sports injury to the lower limbs, sports podiatrist will conduct a thorough biomechanical assessment and tests to determine if the leg alignment and stability of the patient is competent to perform the activities in the particular sport. They will also look for any mechanical reasons which contribute to the injury and pain and administer necessary treatments.

For whom?

You should think of visiting a sports podiatry clinic if you experience repeated injuries of the lower limb while playing any sports or doing repeated activities. Mechanical problems or body imbalance can cause problems involving your lower limbs, which needs to be corrected. The most common podiatry injuries for which patients consult Sports Podiatry are knee pain, Achilles tendon, Shin splints, etc.

Sports podiatry is inevitable for professional athletes and sportsmen. It is also advisable for recreational sports enthusiasts too who want to avoid any injury and ensure maximum performance and output. Sports Podiatry Adelaide may work closely with expert sports physiotherapists (PT) as many of the lower limb problems are closely associated with the lower back and pelvis problems.

General podiatry vs. sports podiatry vs. orthopaedics

How to decide whether to visit a sports podiatry or general podiatry or an orthopaedic clinic?

As the name suggests, sports podiatry is for people who are active in professional or recreational sports. It is also used by sportsmen for training to prevent injury during a sports event. Sports podiatrist can also help people who injure their feet or legs repeatedly during sports, which may be indicative of a mechanical issue.

Treatment methodology

While consulting a sports podiatrist, the first thing they may do is to analyse the person’s gait. They use tools like gait scanner for this which is a pressure-sensitive pad to check the feet-ground contact, a force of the steps, pressure points, and the pressure shifts while one walks. A podiatrist will also check the walking style to understand the chain of motion as to how energy flows through the body, from feet, through knees, hip, and to the back while walking. Combining objective and visual assessments of the gait, an expert podiatrist will be able to identify any imbalance or improper movements as the underlying reason for injury.

After diagnosing the problem, the podiatrist may make a personalised treatment plan to address it. It may typically include different forms of stretches and muscle-strengthening exercises. There can also be some custom orthotics insertions to correct the movements. The podiatrist may also prescribe to use proper footwear or sports shoe to ensure feet health.

However, sports podiatry is not just limited to sports and feet but can help anyone seeking for preventative help or troubled with an existing foot or lower limb issue. With non-invasive and straightforward examinations, sports podiatry is nothing to be afraid of.

How to Take Care of Your Feet on a Hike or Ruck

Maintaining healthy feet is a key to successful hiking or rucking. Hiking and rucking require long-distance travel sometimes with weight in a rucksack or varied terrain and in all kinds of weather.

Adequately preparing for the task is important for an enjoyable hike or run. If you don’t feel comfortable you’re not as likely to challenge yourself more, and might end up giving up all together…

Taking care of your feet on a hike or ruck begins even before you hit the trail. There’s more to it then just purchasing the right shoes: developing toughness of the feet and taking care of them properly is the most important part of this exercise. It will prevent you from limping home, and extend your performance by miles and miles.

Selecting the right shoes

Having the right shoes when hiking and rucking will make a great difference towards creating a memorable trail journey or a horrifying and excruciating trek. The right shoe should have a good fit.

The shoes should fit well on the heel and leave some room for the toes. Wearing the shoes several days before the hike or ruck helps the feet and shoes adjust accordingly and eliminate discomfort or learn to deal with it before the hike.

I like to wear mine in for at least two weeks before going any long distance in the wild, to avoid unpleasant surprises. Any long distance hiker will tell you that. I know this from experience – it’s no fun dealing with blisters a day and a half out of civilization! For those with flat feet, investing in a good quality insole helps to keep the feet comfortable when walking.

Proper toenail care

Long toenails hinder the fit of shoes and cause pain and discomfort during hiking. Cutting these nails correctly is important both to protect the feet from getting hurt and to ensure shoes fit well and the toes do not rub against the shoe. It is advisable to cut toenails straight and trim them to remove the outward protrusion.

Using creams, powders, and duct 

Using creams powder and ducts will help in absorbing perspiration from the feet, friction between toes, and reduce the occurrence of hot spots and blisters. Their use depends from person to person.

It helps me more than most, and even if you don’t think it’s a problem for you – prepare. Your feet might change their minds and become very moist after a long trek, even if you don’t usually have this problem.

How to Take Care of Your Feet on a Hike or Ruck

Wearing socks

Socks are important during hiking and rucking as they absorb moisture from the feet and prevent friction as well as keep the feet comfortable. The socks should be made of a material that absorbs moisture and dries quickly to prevent soggy boots. Veteran hikers and ruckers recommend socks made from wool, nylon and elasticated materials. The elasticated material helps the socks remain in place when walking.

Most hikers and ruckers recommend wearing double layers of sock, a thin tight inner layer, and a heavier outer layer. Double socks remove friction from the feet and reduce direct contact between the feet and shoes.

Wearing the socks inside out is advisable in preventing friction between the seam and toes. Cotton socks are not recommended as they absorb moisture and take too long to dry. It took me a while to learn about this trick!

Wearing good quality and absorbent socks goes hand in hand with regular changing as soon as the feet begin to get uncomfortable.

Tying shoes correctly

There are three methods of tying shoes - regular lacing, skip lacing and dual lacing. Whatever the method you decide to use, the instep, heel, ankle and sometimes the calf should be held comfortably for movement. Basically, ensure that the feet are firmly held to the boot and the toes have adequate air supply.

Dealing with foot problems

Despite all the precautions to care for your feet, long distances will eventually take a toll on your feet. However, dealing with the problem promptly will help. Some tips include changing socks as soon as hotspots begin to form, re-moisturizing the feet and tying shoes properly. Performing first aid on blisters will help reduce pain, prevent infection and keep the blister from turning into a wound. Removing debris from the shoes regularly will help ease discomfort.

The best way to care for the feet during a hike or ruck is by toughening them prior to hiking or rucking. Toughening the feet beforehand creates natural resistance to blisters, and builds resilience and strength to hike for long distances.

There are a lot of different training guides and even training programs that work for training for rucking or backpacking for the more in shape hiker. They usually concentrate on variety of exercises, setting a challenge and focus on endurance and durability. A good challenge might be an outdoor event like 52 hike challenge, or a GoRuck event.

Adequate preparation coupled with basic foot care measures is guaranteed to give you an enjoyable and pain-free hike or ruck and provide with a chance to have fun without having to worry about your feet. Understanding your body and knowing what works well for you is as important during hiking and rucking. Happy trails!

Serious hand ailments that only expert hand orthopaedics can treat

From typing an email, cooking and mobile browsing – our hands help us to get through the day with multiple tasks! The modern day sedentary lifestyle often brings about hand-related illness and discomforts. The causes can range from excess typing on the laptop, to carrying heavyweight as well as unforeseen accidents. Treating severe hand injuries need the critical intervention of an expert hand surgeon or orthopaedic. There are many hand discomforts and disorders that people ignore. These might require both the guidance of an expert hand orthopaedic and also surgery.

Here are few hand ailments that require surgery done by an expert hand surgeon.

  1. Carpal tunnel syndrome

It occurs when there’s acute pressure on the hand’s median nerve. The nerve extends from the wrist beneath the carpal tunnel ligament. Patients' suffering from this disease experience sharp pains like needles and pins. Sometimes even the fingers can become numb. When medication, exercise, acupressure and other healing methods fail, surgery is the only respite. Operation releases the nerve pressure. The carpel tunnel ligament is split by a hand surgeon under the application of local anaesthesia. Patients might have to stay in the hospital overnight, post the surgery.

  1. Dupuytren's contracture fasciectomy

Dupuytren’s contracture is a medical condition of the tissues of your palm and finger. Though it’s painless, it results in skin nodules. In extreme situations, it occurs in forming bands causing the fingers to curl downwards. Surgery is required to eliminate the tissue and also release the fingers. Complete recovery is rare. But when the operation is done by the best hand orthopaedic, patient’s experience greater healing.

Want to make sure the best hand surgeon is treating you? If yes, check out Dr Looi Kok Poh Orthopaedics review online. You will know what makes a hand surgeon expert in his/her field.

  1. Knuckle replacement

Due to rheumatoid arthritis in the knuckles, your fingers might be deformed or damaged. It can also make your fingers move away from your thumb, which is very painful. And it also restricts your day to day hand function. When you find it tough to use your thumb and hand, surgery is essential. An operation substitutes the knuckles with an artificial joint that functions flexibly. After surgery, patients experience less pain and have also reported immense improvement in hand function as well.

  1. Trigger finger release

Patients’ suffering from trigger finger can bend the affected finger. But at times it gets stuck in a coiled position for long. It happens as the tendon thickens at the finger bends. Hence, it gets fixated on the tunnel, where the muscle enters your finger.

Patients' are usually referred to a hand orthopaedic or hand therapist for treatment. Either or both make a splint so that the finger triggering stops. Sometimes, even a local injection provides the much-required respite. When all this fails, hand surgery is the solution. In operation, a surgeon opens the tunnel and sets the tendon free. Complete recovery takes two weeks.

From eating, typing to driving – our hands perform several tasks all through the day! Taking care of minor to critical hand discomforts is our duty. Also, when you are witnessing a painful hand condition, don’t let it pile on. It’s always better to check with a leading hand surgeon. These four hand ailments certainly need medical intervention.

Custom Orthotics For Plantar Fasciitis Treatment: What Are The Increasing Risk Causes Of Plantar Fasciitis To Human?

Plantar Fasciitis is the known cause of heel pain. This is a disorder that results in pain in the heel, and at the bottom of the foot. The pain is severe with the first steps of the day. According to wikipedia.org, the pain is frequently brought about by bending the foot and toes up towards the shin, and may be worsened by a tight Achilles tendon. Plantar Fasciitis causes stabbing pain with your first step in the morning. The pain will decrease depending on how frequently you move about. The pain may be experienced when you undertake an activity that involves standing for long hours. It's usual with athletes(runners). Obesity will put you at risk of getting Plantar Fasciitis. The main symptom is a pain at the bottom of your foot. In many cases, the cause is never clear.

  • Age

The truth is; as you get old, your body mechanisms adapt to being slow. They no longer function the same way they did when you were young. That's why some injuries can get medical attention and heal, yet others take forever to heal, or even never heal. You are most likely to get Plantar Fasciitis between the ages of 40 and 60. Your legs at 50 may not function like they did when you were 30. You need to exert less pressure on them. This will guide you to waking up without pain under your feet.

  • Food mechanics

You may have a unique and different walking pattern from the rest of us. It’s proven that having an abnormal walking pattern can put you at risk of getting Plantar Fasciitis. This is because of the different ways it can affect the way weight is distributed when standing, and put added stress on the plantar fascia. Being a flat-footed person, or having a high arch on your feet contributes to it.

  • Occupation

We all have different occupations that help us make ends meet. Some of these occupations may bring you Plantar Fasciitis as they involve long standing hours. Factory workers and teachers amongst others are at a high risk of experiencing heel pain. Standing on hard surfaces can also damage your plantar fascia.

  • Weight

The planta fascia is sensitive to the pressure you exert on it. Don't give it more pressure than it can take. Your body mass index should always be stable and match your height. If they don't meet the required standard, then you're clearly obese. This will stress your backbone, and eventually bring you Plantar Fasciitis. You can imagine; you’re old, you work in a factory, and at the same time you’re obese! Picture the heel pain you will endure every morning you wake up.

  • Exercises

This disorder is common in runners. Long distance running can contribute to an earlier onset of Plantar Fasciitis. The truth is,  to some, long distance running is their talent and occupation.  Ballistic jumping activities, ballet dancing, and aerobic dance can put you at risk of getting heel pain. Do not overdo these athletic exercises, though they are important to the body. The best plantar fasciitis orthotic insoles are available for your shoes. This is a solution for your athletic shoes.

What Is Foot Drop and Can I Get Compensation for it?

Foot drop is a condition we tend to minimize and ignore until it is too late, though it has an impact on our lives in myriad ways. What is foot drop? What causes foot drop to happen, whether it is in one foot or both, whether it occurs suddenly or worsens over time? And can I get compensation for it if it is the result of medical negligence? We’ll answer these questions and many more in the article below.

An Introduction to Foot Drop

Foot drop, also called drop foot, refers to when you have trouble lifting the front part of the foot. It may affect one foot or both feet at the same time.

If you’re sitting in a chair, it doesn’t matter much. If you get up to walk, it can cause an unnatural gait because you have trouble lifting the foot to walk. In some cases, you can’t lift the front of the foot to walk and end up dragging the foot on the floor instead. For some, the solution is lifting the thigh high to lift the foot, especially on stairs; this creates undue force when the foot slams down. Do this repeatedly, and you get numbness or pain in the foot in addition to the “drop”, and that’s aside from the knee and hip strain this walking style creates. You could also find it impacting other aspects of your life, such as finding it difficult to use the foot pedals in a car.

Foot drop is not a disease. Instead, it is a sign of an underlying problem. That problem may be muscular, neurological or something else.

Causes of Foot Drop

Foot drop is always caused by weakness or paralysis of muscles used to lift the foot. However, there are several potential causes of this weakness and/or paralysis. One cause of this is a brain or spinal cord disorder. A stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s or genetic conditions like ALS fall into this category. Another cause is any muscle or nerve disorder. Polio is nearly extinct as a cause of this disorder in the developed world, but muscular dystrophy and inherited conditions that cause progressive muscle weakness can cause foot drop. A more mundane cause of nerve damage is from diabetes that isn’t properly managed.

Nerve injury is the most common cause of foot drop. Nerve damage may be due to accidents or a pinched nerve. Crossing your legs a lot and prolonged sitting can pinch this nerve. However, it can be caused by medical treatment. For example, the nerves necessary to lift the foot properly are often damaged during knee or hip replacement surgery. On a more mundane note, wearing a leg cast can put pressure on the peroneal nerve, causing foot drop when the cast comes off. Conversely, foot drop may be the result of cerebral palsy itself caused by medical negligence at birth.

Can I Get Compensation for it?

If your foot drop is the result of nerve damage from joint replacement surgery, you have a medical negligence claim. These cases should be referred to medical negligence solicitors like The Medical Negligence Experts who have a number of specialists on hand to answer your questions. If foot drop is the result of a post-surgery infection that wasn’t properly treated, you have a legal case and need to speak with a solicitor.

If your foot drop is due to a degenerative medical condition like ALS or muscular dystrophy, you may or may not have a medical negligence case. You may have a case if your condition has been misdiagnosed, delaying the start of appropriate treatment and hurting your quality of life.

There was a case in particular of a man that was admitted to a healthcare facility after suffering a broken leg after falling while climbing a fence. The man had to go under surgery to have the leg pinned, which was a success. However, the doctor missed signs of a developing compartment syndrome. The man had to go under surgery again, but this time, some of his back muscle tissue had to be transferred and skin grafted as well. As a result, the man was left with a severe foot drop even if he was able to regain his mobility. He also was unable to return to work and suffered from psychiatric disorders. The man was eventually awarded £400,000 in total damages for his case.

When foot drop is due to a stroke that wasn’t diagnosed or treated properly, you may have a medical negligence case. And it is probably something that you can make a claim for. If it is caused by untreated cauda equine syndrome, you have a medical negligence case. In some cases, the foot drop is caused by insufficiently or incorrectly treated cauda equine syndrome. This is a case of medical negligence.

If your foot drop is due to nerve damage caused by your working situation, consult with a legal expert, though this is not a medical negligence case. If the nerve damage is due to an accident, you have a legal case for personal injury against those who caused the accident. If the nerve damage is due to incorrect treatment after an accident, you have a medical negligence claim. You may also consult a medical negligence solicitor and claim for negligence If the foot drop is due to negligently managed and diagnosed diabetes.

What Type of Compensation Could I Get?

If the foot drop is due to medical negligence and expected to last a long time, special damages and general damages apply. If the foot drop is treated by wearing a brace, it counts as a severe foot injury. The damages for this are worth thirty to forty five thousand pounds. If the foot drop is accompanied by pain or numbness in the foot, that is a separate type of damage in addition to the cited figure.

These figures do not include medical costs you’ve incurred to try to manage the pain or medical equipment you’ve paid for. Your compensation should include reimbursement for medical consultations you’ve sought for a proper diagnosis and physical therapy you’ve tried. If you have to have your car modified to be driven with your hands or switched to paying for others to drive you, those are compensable expenses.

Compensation may be an option if the foot drop is expected to be of short term or midterm duration. For example, you can seek compensation if the condition was treated by a tend transfer or sural nerve graft. Now you can seek compensation for these medical costs, associated lost wages and out of pocket costs, and physical therapy after the procedure. Conversely, if the treatment for foot drop didn’t work or ended up making things worse, you certainly have a medical negligence claim.

Conclusion

There are causes when you can sue for negligence if you suffer from foot drop. Foot drop may be the result of conditions you cannot avoid like ALS, and it may be due to medical negligence such as untreated diabetes, strokes or infections. It can also occur after back surgery and joint replacement procedures, and these, too, are cases for a medical negligence expert. So, if you feel you fit in any of these categories, you should start seeking assistance today.

Tips on Improving the Health of Your Feet

Ever think about your feet and the importance that they literally carry on their small-toed shoulders on a day-to-day basis? I didn't think that you did; and that's okay, because rarely does anyone give any importance whatsoever to the priority that their feet should take when thinking of treating the body well.

In fact, taking care of your feet is one of the most overlooked portion of our daily healthy lives that we place on a regular basis. So much so that chronic foot injury and back injury as a RESULT of overcompensation from damaged feet can be some of the highest causes of injury (without specific accident or acute cause) in the United States.

With that said, we think the feet should get a little love and attention today; and that's why the tips on improving the health of your feet has been developed for your personal gain, development, and pure enjoyment.

1. Pick out the right pair of shoes

People often place very little emphasis on the right pair of shoes based on the function of their feet when searching for the right style. In fact, whether you will be primarily running, walking, sitting, standing, or just lounging around on your feet is extremely important when deciding on shoes to protect and improve the health of your feet. You need the right pair with the right support, right tilt, right pronation, etc to feel good and your feet are no exception. Go to a specialist store, get a pair of prescribed soles, and get fitted for shoes that will keep you and your feet healthy, sprung, and ready to rock.

keep feet protected

2. Keep your feet clean and dry

If you want your feet to be healthy, then you need to treat them like the rest of your body: and that starts with hygiene and care of your feet. You need to clean them in the shower with soap and water and then make sure they are absolutely dry before putting socks on to avoid fungus and bacteria build-up. Looking to get a case of athlete's foot and for an infection to fester? Then simply leave your feet soaked all day! In seriousness, clean your feet and dry your feet as the first precautionary step to their finest health.

3. Wear the right socks to avoid bacteria

In a very similar manner to the above tip about keeping your feet both clean and also dry, you should also pick out the right pair of socks so that your feet REMAIN dry after drudging them around all day. Socks made from fabric that is partially polyester and not cotton do a better job in wicking away moisture so that you don't get excess bacteria build up. Your feet sweat like crazy, almost as much as your armpits, and therefore you need moisture protection to ensure your feet don't get sick with bacteria build-up.

4. Examine your feet and see a doctor

Want to make sure your feet are healthy and in optimal condition? It should go without saying that a good old fashioned good exam on a weekly or bi-weekly basis will do wonders to prevent injury and infection. Look at the soles of your feet for scales and the toes for peeling. Either of these could mean athlete's foot. In addition, look for yellowing of the nails to check for on-coming signs of diabetes. Check out your feet often and when in doubt, see a doctor to either confirm your suspicions or help you decipher if there is a real problem with your feet or not.

Conclusion

I hope you have enjoyed the list of tips on improving the health of your feet. Although you may not often think of your feet when it comes to the health of your body, the truth is that everything rests and stands (another pun) on the shoulders of your feet and you must keep them happy and healthy to survive out there!

If you do not agree with my list or you have your own insight to add and share, simply leave a comment below and someone will get back to you promptly with feedback and discussion on your input. Have a KICKING day! 🙂

Tips to Recover From A Long Run

Long distance running is a great form of exercise yet also physically demanding. Whether you run for fun, are training for a marathon, or want to relieve stress, it all takes a toll on the body. There are many ways to help you recover from a long run, from hydrating properly to getting enough sleep. Here a few effective tips to keep you in top running shape!

Hydrate

The first ten to fifteen minutes after a long run are key to replenishing your body with liquids. Certain drinks that have electrolyte's such as Gatorade are effective as they balance out your pH level, move nutrients into your cells and move waste out of your body. It is important to aim between 16-20 oz. of fluid to replace the loss from sweating.

Eating

Food is an extremely important role in long distance running and it is key to fill your body with the correct amount of nutrients to help the recovery process.

Chocolate milk, yogurt, banana's, granola, and peanut butter are all effective  foods when it comes to post run fuel. Eating a 4 to 1 ratio of carbohydrates to protein is key to maintaining a healthy balance. Having the right amount of carbohydrates and protein ignites the recovery process. They fill your body with high nutritional value without craving the bad sugary foods!

Take a Nap

Getting enough sleep is key to the body's recovery process when running long distance. Your body needs to rest and sleep is one of best ways to accomplish this. After a long run your body is tired and needs to recuperate. 20-30 minutes for short-term alertness are recommended for napping. In addition, a way to help recover your feet specifically during the nap would be to use nighttime foot orthotics . Orthotics will help feet with any plantar fascitis issues and ensure you are on your way to happier and healthier feet.

Napping in general will improve your performance without feeling more tired and will not interfere with your nighttime sleep. If you are tired and are longing to shut your eyes for a few minutes, listen to your body and take a nap.

Stretch

Stretching after a long run should begin within 25-30 minutes post run. Focusing on major muscle groups such as hamstrings, calves, hips, and quads, are key to refueling and recovering. Not much time is needed to stretch as 10-15 minutes are all you need to help the soreness and stiffness of your long run.

A foam roller is another tool that is extremely helpful for long runs. It helps alleviate knots, small injuries, and any tightness you might be experiencing. Loosening up the muscles will help your body recover in a natural and healthy way.

Conclusion:

Those are my tips on how to recover from a long run. Hydrating and sleep are great ways to get back on the path, but following all of the tips will be beneficial to bringing you up to your most optimal athletic running levels. Running is physically demanding and can take a toll on the body.

Have your own tips, have some to add, or disagree with my tips on recovering from a long run? Simply use the comments section below and we can discuss the best techniques for not only running properly, but also for preparing your body to heal up and do it again! 🙂

Why Are Orthotics Important and How Long Should They Last?

Feet are an important part of the body as they carry all your weight. By taking care of them, you will be able to provide your body with more support. It is important that while you walk, your feet do not feel any pain and neither do you strain them to walk under harsh weather conditions. Feet are complex and it can also be difficult to find the right orthotics for you. You might also decide to get orthotics to treat a condition that cannot be treated by use of medication.

There are many bones in the feet. All these bones need proper support so as to function well. Also, any problem that arises in the feet can affect the joints or the back. Problems can also lead to foot deformity or pain in other parts of the body. Too much pressure on the body such as that from exercise causes the feet to act as shock absorbers. Having this in mind, there are a few reasons why orthotics are a great idea, the most important reason being that they provide extra support to the feet. Some other reasons include:

  • Help get rid of foot pain – If you have undergone thorough assessment by your doctor and he or she recommends that you should use orthotics, it will help get rid of foot pain. Most people go to visit the doctor when they have a strong sharp pain at the center of their foot. This pain seems to increase when they are walking. Orthotics are recommended to get rid of the pain and to provide support.
  • To help with a fallen arch – They will not necessarily help with a fallen arch but orthotics help reposition structures in the foot so as to reduce injury. They can also help in improving the biomechanical function and this also helps in reducing injury.
  • They will help you if your job requires you to stand for long periods of time –If your job requires you to stand for long periods of time, you will need extra support to the muscles on your feet. If you stand for long periods of time, you cannot rely on them alone. You need to walk around and to give yourself a break once in a while.
  • Helps people with diabetes – If you have diabetes, you have an increased risk of calluses and corns. This is especially if your foot alignment is altered. The calluses and corns, if left untreated, can lead to injury. Orthotics help reduce the pressure they exert on your foot.
  • Helps athletes prevent injury –Athletes are known to push themselves and mostly their legs hard so as to win in races. Orthotics can be worn by athletes during training and after training to provide support to the feet. Remember that you do not need to have a sharp pain in your feet for you to get orthotics. If you are an athlete, you need the extra support.