Best Tips To Reduce Anxiety

Do you feel worried or nervous more than is considered usual? Does the stress of everyday life take a toll on you, so much so that you experience aches and pains? These feelings, most often, are typical responses to various situations happening in our daily lives. Other times, these feelings are far from ordinary and are signs of real anxiety.

Everyone experiences anxiety, some people more frequently than others. Whereas some people experience anxiety through feelings of worry or concern, others tend to experience more physical symptoms. These physical traits can be mistaken for the symptoms of other conditions. However, symptoms such as chest pains and insomnia are also symptoms of anxiety.

If you are suffering from anxiety, there are many ways to help you control and distract your thoughts, here are some of them.

Be Aware Of Your Symptoms

After identifying your signs and symptoms, it’s time to accept them and work your way through them. Find out what it is you’re worried about. Is it worth worrying? Does it have an outcome you can’t control? Or you’re dreading a result that’s unlikely? Sit yourself down and adequately dissect your feelings, placing them into perspective.

Practice Intense Breathing

Consider breathing your mini meditation skill. Research indicated that deep breathing calms not only the body but the mind as well. Do this exercise in a quiet room or space, inhaling for a count of ten. Hold your breath for a second, before using the next ten counts to exhale. Repeat the process up until you begin to feel a fall in speeding heart rate.

Use Meditation Apps

In this tech-savvy world, many apps have been created to help people move through stress or phases of anxiety with a series of exercises and techniques. There are free meditation apps have been designed to help you calm down whenever you feel anxious. Since they cost next to nothing, it’s easy to try out several to find one that works best for you.

Envisage Serenity

You can create a new place, or merely picture any place that calms you down. This is the best activity for when you find yourself in a situation you can’t immediately avoid, a tense meeting, for example. Practice deep breathing while you visualize this location.

Have A Massage

Another way to envisage serenity is to get a massage. Massages may be costly and not as efficient as other tips, but they are essential if you’re looking the feel more grounded and relaxed. The quiet environment and untightening of your nerves may be just what you need to send that anxious feeling packing.

Practice Yoga

In recent years, more studies have provided clues to the health-promoting effects of yoga. Whether in mental illness, back pain, asthma or cardiovascular diseases – everywhere yoga should have a positive impact. Yoga, as well as any other meditation exercise, is excellent for feeling ‘grounded’ in the midst of anxiety. It has been shown to have a positive impact on our mental health and balance.

Practice Tai Chi

Activities such as Tai Chi and Qigong combine deep breathing and serenity visualization techniques to bring you back into your body and space. It can be done as a group or in the comfort of your bedroom, with significant effect.

Practice Relaxation

In patients diagnosed with anxiety disorder, spending at least half an hour a day doing relaxing activities can help with relaxation. These also include walking, meditation, tai chi or yoga as mentioned above. These exercises are not only useful in helping you to relax and relieve anxiety, but they are also good for your health. Relaxation also helps to lower the heart rate and makes you ready to face the rest of the day, as well as effectively interact with people at work or elsewhere. Therefore, if you want to see the natural way how to cure anxiety, you should consider relaxation.

Use CBD Oil

CBD oil is a cannabinoid extracted from the cannabis plant. CBD oils have been discovered to be essential in therapeutic healing. Their concentrations and uses vary greatly, but their benefits on a person’s health are almost the same.

CBD also works as a natural pain relief; oils are considered a more organic alternative to prescription drugs for the relief of stiffness and pain. CBD oil has proved to be an excellent aid with the reduction of symptoms of depression and anxiety disorders. This oil, according to research, may aid with the decline in the physical symptoms caused by a panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, general anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. There are many online stores where you can purchase CBD oil such as Wellspring. For more information, read more here.

Get Proactive With Physical Activities

Simple acts such as exercising, by being active daily can influence the health of your mind. These may not take away your chest pains, but they may help to reduce your chances of getting anxiety attacks or chest aches in the future.

Quit The Caffeine

It doesn’t have that much of a downside, has loads of benefits plus, a little goes a long way. Most people believe the myth that caffeine can’t dehydrate your system. Even though caffeine is known to be a mild painkiller, taking it in high doses can be detrimental to people suffering from pain or anxiety.

Practice Box Breathing

Box breathing comes with many benefits for anxiety sufferers. It is a method you can apply when you find yourself in an area or situation where its best to calm yourself discreetly. Look out for a rectangle around you. It can be an entire building or something as small as your office door. Using something tangible to support your breathing patterns is extremely helpful. Use each side of the rectangle as a representative of your breathing, inhaling or exhaling. For example, you can use the faces of the door to breathe in or out, and the sides to hold your breath. Box breathing is one way to switch up things around you to make you more calm and composed.

Use Lavender Oil

Using lavender oil can be a very effective method to help to calm your mind. Patients with anxiety disorders benefit from preparations containing lavender oil. One study shows that herbal alternatives to psyche can be as effective as conventional medicines. An absolute plus of the natural drug: fewer side effects and better deductibility.

Have A Stress Ball Always Handy

Another effective tip to help you stay calm and control stress is to have something handy that you can hold in your hands such as a stress ball for example. The possible reason why this trick works is that the brain cannot focus on other things and having something to hold on too often gives off a feeling of relief. Even in schools, many teachers always advise their students to hold something in their hands when making a presentation to help take away any nervous feeling. So it is always good to have an object handy that can help distract your mind from anxiety and panic.

Work On Your Sense Of Humor

Laughter is considered the best medicine. Therefore, having a sense of humor will always help you stay more relaxed, with continuous feelings of happiness. Even a simple fake laugh can immediately increase your dopamine levels. Dopamine is a brain chemical that helps to increase positive emotions because it controls our feelings of pleasure. If it is difficult to laugh for you, you should try the visualization method of imagining only positive or happy things. You can also search for funny videos on YouTube that will help you laugh. Laughter helps to lower the stress hormone that releases when you are feeling anxious and worrying.

Consider A Lifestyle Change

If you live a life of uncertainty and are under a lot of stress, you should think about changing your lifestyle. This includes getting adequate sleep, slowing down your daily routine, and providing adequate nutrition to your body. Maybe you can take some weeks off when you feel burned out. It is also important that you think about your own expectations of yourself so that you can prevent adding any additional pressure on yourself. Exercise can be supportive, helping to relieve tension and reduce stress.

Have A Change Of Diet

A lifestyle also includes a change in diet – to a healthy and balanced diet. Proper nutrition has been proven to help cure disease. Even with anxiety, it can have a positive effect on the person affected and relieve anxiety. A balanced diet includes, for example, natural fats such as virgin olive oil and avocado, whole grains, all sorts of vegetables, fruits and plenty of still water. Try to drink at least two liters of water every day. Avoid alcohol and caffeine because these substances can even increase your anxiety. You should eat enough nutrients, vitamins, and minerals so that your body is fully functional. Diets should be completely avoided.

Visit A Doctor

In the event of severe chest pains, or if they become chronic, you will have to book an appointment with a therapist. Doctors can propose techniques which may not come to you naturally in moments of panic. If after the coaching techniques you still feel the pains, getting prescription drugs should be considered. It’s true that the continuous use of anti-anxiety medicines exposes you to specific side effects and risks, but they can be of immense help while you learn all the techniques for coping with your symptoms.

All examples listed above are but a few of the techniques you can apply, thus, consider them the basics. You can come up with personal methods that mess up the mental or physical patterns of your anxiety, making it difficult and almost impossible for it to stay within your system.

3 Reasons Why You Need Probiotics

When it comes to the human body, it’s really all about the balance inside, and that is where the mission of probiotics come in.

The folks at Harvard Medical School say that the “good bacteria” of probiotics for women are another healthy addition to consider. These incredible foods and/or supplements are affordable and a wise investment.

Even Hollywood celebrities have quickly found the value in following a healthy diet that features probiotic supplementation. Some of these famous female faces include Gwyneth Paltrow, Halle Berry, Reese Witherspoon, Katy Perry, Lauren Conrad, Meg Ryan and Susan Sarandon.

Here are three smart reasons why you need probiotics:

  1. Fab Flora Performs A Function

Flora are the millions of microorganisms that live in your intestines and keep your GI tract running like a smooth machine. To maintain your gut health, you need probiotics to create acidity in the body to generate the production of good bacteria in flora.

You can get this nutrition from probiotic foods like those that are fermented. Some of these would include yogurt, kefir, pickled vegetables, sauerkraut and others.

This article about probiotics says that an abundance of flora is a great protector against infections forming in the colon and other digestive organs. It also boosts one’s complexion and puts a halt to skin infections.

  1. Keeps A Healthy Heart Ticking

Some studies have found that including probiotics in your daily diet can help maintain a healthy heart by knocking down the “bad cholesterol” and modestly lowering blood pressure.

By taking probiotic supplements or eating a probiotic yogurt for at least two weeks, researchers discovered that reductions were made in total cholesterol by four percent and LDL cholesterol by five percent.

For blood pressure to begin lowering, participants had to remain on the probiotic kick for at least eight weeks to see results.

  1. Benefits Mood And Mental Health

Believe it or not, a healthy gut has been linked to one’s state of mental health, and certain strains in probiotic supplements have been found to improve some disorders like depression, stress and anxiety and memory loss.

The two effective strains feature Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus and can be found in supplement form in probiotics for women.

For example, a study involving 40 patients with depression featured some encouraging results. The participants took probiotic supplements for eight weeks and discovered that their depression levels decreased as well as their levels of C-reactive protein, compared to those participants who did not take a probiotic.

C-reactive protein is considered a marker of inflammation and hormones such as insulin.

These are just three excellent reasons for taking probiotics in food or easy to digest capsules for your daily routine.

Plenty of recent studies and clinical trials have been published and point to the value of probiotics for the human body.

The cost of taking these supplements is quite inexpensive, and the benefits can be tremendous.

About the Author:

Trysh Sutton is a wife, mother, attorney, interior decorator, strategic leader and owner of Pure Path Essential Oils. She has an eye for business, innovation and perfection – and a desire to help her family, her friends and herself live a healthy and happy life.

5 Remarkable Health Benefits Of Using CBD Oil

CBD oil is naturally extracted from the Hemp plant. Attention has shifted to its production in recent times due to its positive attributes. It's even legal in some countries. Different health issues require different medication. Some of these health issues and disorders can be solved using cannabidiol (CBD) oil. It has proven very useful and good for human health. Initially, people were hesitant to use it but with time, they have become more susceptible to the idea, thanks to its many benefits:

  1. Relieves pain

According to an article by medicalnewstoday.com, some people feel that CBD offers a more natural way to relieve pain. It works just like pain killers to reduce pain. It is also very reliable when it comes to curing any chronic pain. It has analgesic properties that makes it fast and efficient in dealing with pain. Your body experiences many forms of pain that require medical attention. However, to be on the safe side, get more information before buying the CBD oil from Nganic. You need to be sure about the information provided on the bottle of oil.

Back pains are just an example of pain that can lead to severe discomfort if not attended to on time. CBD oil disrupts any pain receptor and alters its functionality. This results in the ease of discomfort or any form of pain.

  2. Depression and anxiety

Depression is a mental disorder characterised by loss of interest in any activity. It causes a major functional impairment on those affected. Anxiety is fear that is strong enough to interfere with your daily activities. If you are thinking of reducing your panic attacks, you need to visit any pharmacy that offers CBD oil medication. They will advise and prescribe the correct dosage for you.

Insomnia and anxiety in children growing up is a common disorder. CBD oil has been medically proven to cure such disorders. If your child has post-traumatic stress disorder, you need to take them to see a qualified doctor, who will in turn give directions on how to have the medication administered.

  3. Cancer related problems

Symptoms related to cancer and its side effects are reduced tremendously by CBD oil. Chemotherapy is a common program for anyone with cancer. Chemotherapy can cause nausea and vomiting. However, nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy is common. Use of CBD oil will help reduce the pain experienced during your chemotherapy sessions.

  4. Acne and Diabetes

Acne is a skin disorder. It's a condition brought about by genetics, bacteria and overproduction of sebum. The CBD oil contains anti-inflammatory properties which help to monitor and regulate the production of sebum. This in turn takes care of the acne and gives you a smooth skin. CBD oil also reduces your chances of getting diabetes.

  5. Heart health

Your heart is a very sensitive part of your body and its health is very important. CBD oil monitors the blood circulatory system. Your blood pressure is kept at an optimal rate. High blood pressure brings more risk as it may result in a stroke or a heart attack. You have to monitor your blood pressure at all times. The anxiety reducing traits of CBD oil make it suitable for reducing blood pressure.

Are you seeking new age options in pain relief? Kratom can help in wonderful ways!

The modern day life is highly erratic. It is a complete rat race. Professionally the competition is fierce. And personally, the household chores and family problems are always increasing. All these results in health ailments and also tension or chronic pains because the body isn’t getting ample rest and balance to recuperate back to vitality. And owing to the personal and professional commitments, we have to carry on life regardless of all the pain.

Today, over 100 million Americans survive with extreme pain. A vast majority depend on opiate pain medication and other similar solutions to tackle the pain. Furthermore, today the US has been trying to recover from the opiate abuse, which is costing on lives. A secure, efficient pain relief technique or solution – is the need of the hour today! However, many have found an alternative for this. The name is Kratom, an ancient plant which is available in the Indonesian jungles. Today, several companies have sourced this plant and have processed it into medicine to help people alleviate pain.

Opt-in for Kratom pills available today

Walk into a doctor’s chamber and share details about your chronic pain! Chances are your doctor will not mention Kratom even once. It is because herbal cures don’t form a part of conventional medicine. Kratom belongs to the clan of a coffee plant. It was used for centuries for its therapeutic elements. The plant is anti-inflammatory and analgesic. It also has anti-depressant capacities.

And the best part is that you will come across multiple options to select from today. Many people use it to gain increased energy. There’s an appropriate Kratom strain available for you based on your need and budget.

Keen to know more about Kratom and pain relief? You can browse through kratomusers.net/the-main-kratom-strains/ and other websites to get a better idea.

Kratom and depression

Akin to chronic pain even depression is also becoming common amidst individuals. Though consultations and other holistic methods count, using Kratom can bring in significant advantages.

Do you know one of the distinctive aspects of Kratom? It helps to sooth the anxiety and depression symptoms. The Kratom pill does it by activating the body’s serotonin receptors. Simply put, serotonin is one neurotransmitter that has an active part in mood swings and disorders. Any mood disorder leads to acute pain which aggravates depression and anxiety attacks. And such conditions are associated with the neuronal pathway in the brain. It makes the brain perceive anxiety, depression, and pain.

Hence, using Kratom relaxes the nerves and soothes the pain which automatically helps to elevate your mood, bringing you back to vitality. Today, Kratom is looked upon as an alternative therapy to heal pain. And when the bodily pain ceases, the mind regains its balance and energy which becomes the perfect platform to treat depression and anxiety.

Traditional opiates have not been doing much good to the people in the recent times, and this is where Kratom can help. Even though medical research on Kratom is active, a vast section of people believes that they can tackle pain using this technique. So if you have been willing to say yes to an alternative cure for pain, anxiety or depression, Kratom is the best choice available for you online.

Top 6 Benefits of Using CBD for Treating Chronic Pain

Cannabidiol or CBD is a non-psychotropic chemical compound extracted from marijuana. CBD offers many emotional and physical benefits for individuals suffering from chronic pain. Cannabidiol is an ideal solution for individuals who want to function effectively throughout the day. CBD can deliver the medicinal effects of marijuana without resulting in a high when it is infused in alcohol tincture, honey, oil, or glycerin. Here are the benefits of CBD for chronic pain.

Anti-inflammatory

Inflammation causes pain and when it is chronic, it can result in tissue damage. Long-term use of NSAIDs and other over-the-counter pain relievers can affect the kidney, stomach, and liver. CBD can be used for long-term use because it is highly effective and helpful for managing chronic pain and inflammation. The only major side-effect that you will have to endure is the sleepiness resulting from excessive use. Therefore, you need to find the right dosage for you.

Relaxes the muscles

High levels of pain can make stretching the body, movement, and even breathing extremely challenging. With the pain relieving and anti-inflammatory effects of CBD, your body muscles will relax and you can enjoy painless body movements and exercise. When you are in pain, yoga and other forms of exercises are crucial for your body. When you use CBD, you will feel less pain and will move with ease.

Regain your sleep

Chronic pain negatively affects your nerves because it triggers a flight or fight response in the nervous system. This body reaction is usually reserved for dangerous situations. However, since pain is a continuous internal trigger, your body feels threatened at all times. This imbalance can greatly affect your sleep and your body cannot rest peacefully because it feels like it is always in danger. The use of CBD Creams For Pain LLC offers a calming and neuroprotective effect that will help you regain the sleep that you need so much.

Anxiety relief    

Chronic and continuous pain can result in a frizzled nervous system causing anxiety. You will feel tired and constantly be on high alert. Furthermore, any interruption of your peace can affect you immensely. Using CBD as your pain reliever can soothe the nervous system and will effectively eliminate anxiety.

Eliminates fear of touch

For many people suffering from chronic pain, a simple hug or touch can turn into a nightmare. The therapeutic, loving, and comforting gesture can result in immense pain all over your body. The use of CBD can help to eliminate all these pain-related issues and you can enjoy loving hugs without any problem.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Chronic pain leaves patients in a continuous state of fear. Most people are constantly stressed about how and when this pain affects their daily life from the time they wake up until when they go to sleep. CBD will work to calm the flight or fight response that is felt by most people suffering from PSTD, particularly when triggered by chronic pain.

The use of CBD has immense benefits to individuals suffering from chronic pain. The use of CBD does not feel like medicine. Carrying around a bottle of prescription pills will easily show that the individual is suffering from a medical condition. However, CBD creams do not feel much like medicine and are a healthy addition to your daily routine. In addition, you can look into valuable resources such as CBD Edibles Direct Full Spectrum CBD Hempzilla Products for all of your CBD oil needs.

Natural Remedies for Battling Anxiety

Anxiety is one of the most common forms of mental illness in the world and is known to affect over 40 million adults in the United States alone. Despite it being one of the most treatable disorders, only 36% of adults in the US receive treatment for it, which highlights the stigma that is still attached to this complex condition.

Fortunately, there are a variety of natural remedies on the market that can help to counter anxiety before it takes hold of you and ruins your life, your career, and your relationships. It’s important to take care of yourself, so take a look at some of these remedies, and where you can find them:

Chamomile Tea

Caffeine and sugar are powerful agents for inducing anxiety. If you’re drinking several cups of coffee or tea a day, you are increasing the risk of having a panic attack if you’re already prone to them. Swap a couple of those coffees or teas with a few cups of chamomile tea instead. It contains apigenin and luteolin, which are two chemicals that promote relaxation and are especially good at helping you sleep at night, which together should help to control your anxiety.

Valerian Root

Extremely popular with people who struggle to keep calm and sleep, chewing valerian root or taking supplements that contain the root can help to keep panic attacks at bay by maintaining a calm mood throughout the day and is commonly taken by insomnia sufferers. As a lack of sleep can lead to anxiety, chewing valerian root supplements is a good way of keeping calm.

Lavender Oils

Lavender is renowned for being a calming influence, and you can use lavender oil in a variety of ways to help combat anxiety. If you are prone to panic attacks at night and you have trouble sleeping, try putting a couple of drops of lavender essential oil onto your pillow or add it to a late-night bath. You can also rub it directly onto your skin for a double-whammy of taking care of your skin and your mental health at the same time.

Vitamin B Pills

Vitamin B is known as the anti-stress vitamin, and they are known to give you a boost and increase your tolerance to stress. If you have a lack of Vitamin B, you can be prone to a lack of concentration, fatigue, anxiety, and depression. You can get your hands on Vitamin B tablets that will address any imbalance in any of the ailments that lead to anxiety such as dopamine and serotonin. You have to be careful and stick to the recommended dosage, as too many supplements can increase your anxiety by making you too energetic.

Omega 3 Tablets

One of the best ways to combat anxiety and depression is to take care of yourself. From regular exercise, walks in the countryside and eating the right foods, being fit and healthy are some of the most effective ways to beat anxiety. Eating plenty of fish is another good choice. Salmon, anchovies, and mussels are a good place to start, but if you’re not a huge fan, you can take Omega 3 tablets in order to get your fix of all the health benefits you would receive from eating fish. Fish oils such as cod liver oil are known to be good for the heart, but it is not as widely known that they can also help combat anxiety and depression, too.

Vitamin D Pills

If you’re lucky enough to live next to a beach and have the sun shining on you from above 24/7, chances are you won’t have a Vitamin D deficiency. A large number of anxiety and depression sufferers do so because they don’t get enough sun, which is a major source of Vitamin D. This could be down to where they live and the weather they have to endure, or because their mental health makes it difficult for them to go outside and face the world. Vitamin D supplements are a great way for anxiety sufferers to take care of themselves without forcing themselves into the outside world when they might not be ready.

Kava

The kava plant is used in traditional medicine throughout the likes of New Zealand, Fiji, and Samoa, and is a native plant that is known have to a calming, relaxing effect for people who use it. The majority of people in this day and age take supplements containing Kava, but if you can get your hands on the plant, you can use the old school method and add boiling water to it, creating a calming green tea that can be used as a replacement for tea and coffee. It is known worldwide as one of the most popular remedies for battling anxiety and depression and is, therefore, one of the easiest to get your hands on.

Where Can You Find These Natural Remedies?

It’s not all doom and gloom though. Legitimate, helpful and vital online pharmacies exist and provide a great service to online customers who want to find prescription drugs on a regular basis and at a good price. Drug Pricer offers quality prescription drugs and is an excellent example of an online pharmacy that has a focus on the products while ensuring the customer is getting what they need. You can search and compare drugs before heading to the pharmacy section, learning more about the products and then making a purchase. All legitimate pharmacies should run in the same way.

The internet can be a fantastic tool for anxiety sufferers to find pharmaceutical companies that sell natural remedies, and there are some fantastic deals to be found if you know what you are looking for. Unfortunately, there are people who take advantage of people who use the web and people who may be vulnerable, poor or simply don’t know any better. This is a huge issue in the pharmaceutical industry, where it is said that only 3% of online pharmacies are safe and legal, according to the US Food and Drug Administration.

What Treatments are Available for Anxiety and Depression?

Most people face stress on a daily basis, but when it is chronic and manifested in anxiety disorder or depression, the usual strategies (sleep, rest, and trying to take it easier) are often not enough. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, around 40 million adults are affected by anxiety, and despite the fact that the conditions is highly treatable, around 30% do not seek help.

Major depressive disorder, meanwhile, is the leading cause of disability in the U.S. for those aged 15 to 44, with around 16.1 million people affected. In this post, we reveal the most successful treatments for anxiety and depression.

The Importance of Diagnosis and Treatment

If you or a loved one suffer from panic attacks, feel persistently stressed or show signs of depression (including a lack of motivation, feelings of sadness etc.), it is important to see a mental health professional to obtain a diagnosis and to formulate a treatment plan.

Because depression in particular, when severe, can be linked to suicidal thoughts and intent, medication (such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors) may be prescribed for a specific period or long-term.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Medication is not always required for anxiety and depression. Currently, the ‘gold standard’ treatment is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which aims to enlighten patients on the link between how they think and behave. In a typical CBT session, psychotherapist will work alongside the patient to determine goals (often small behavioral changes), which can positively affect the way a patient views a situation, event, or person.

Supplementation

Natural supplements can play an important role in keeping stress levels down, which is vital when it comes to anxiety and depression. The list of supplements is vast and includes adaptogens such as Siberian ginseng and echinacea, which help battle stress in a non-specific way.

Kratom, a tree whose leaves contain alkaloids with opioid-like effects, has been found to reduce pain and anxiety, and improve sleep, which is vital considering that sleep deprivation and poor sleep quality can trigger panic attacks of bouts of depression. The kratom  plant produces leaves with three different vein colors (red, white, and green). The red vein is often used for anxiety and depression because it enhances mood and sleep, and reduces distress.

Other popular supplements for stress-related conditions include melatonin (one small study has shown in improves sleep, depression and anxiety); valerian (a classic for relaxation and sleep); GABA (also found in limited studies to promote relaxation and reduce anxiety) and Vitamin B multivitamins (research indicates they can improve mood).

Anxiety and depression are two conditions that require medical diagnosis and attention when they interfere significantly with daily life and wellbeing. Often, health professionals do not prescribe medication, but recommend lifestyle changes, the adoption of mindfulness activities such as yoga, or supplementation. If you or anyone you know has symptoms, seek help immediately to start your journey towards better health and happiness as soon as possible.