Diabetes Treatment For Seniors

Today, almost 1 in every four seniors have diabetes. Aging being a significant driver of this disorder, they are often subject to more troubles than a working-age adult. Risk of institutionalization, reduced functionality, cardiovascular issues, and higher mortality rates are some results of this increasing diabetes amongst seniors.

Diabetes is the condition when their blood sugar levels become too high. This boost in the level of blood sugar or glucose in the body is not sudden but gradual. When we consume food, our body breaks it down into glucose. Insulin, a hormone secreted by pancreatic gland helps transport this glucose to the cells. When you have diabetes, either the production of diabetes in the body slows down, or your body is not able to utilize it properly, or both; gradually leading to high blood sugar.

An Endocrinologist is a doctor who specializes in taking care of diabetes.

Diabetes, principally, can be of two types:

  •    Type 1 Diabetes: This condition occurs when the body starts producing a little or no insulin. Often, this condition is common amongst kids and young adults, older people, can develop it too.
  •    Type 2 Diabetes: In middle-aged and older people, the insulin is produced, but the body is unable to use it in the right way. Less often than not, this can also affect children. This condition is a result of inactivity, obesity, and heredity.

Avoiding the symptoms of diabetes such as sudden weight-loss, weakening eye-sight, and frequent urge to use the toilet; can have dire consequences. High blood sugar can cause cardiovascular disorders, kidney issues, blindness, nerve damage, and disturb your circulation which might end up in amputation. Cognitive problems such as Alzheimer’s disease are no stranger to diabetes either.

Steps for treating Diabetes in seniors

  1.    Screening for Diabetes and Prediabetes

Prediabetes is another condition which is often left undiagnosed and cause the seniors to suffer in the latter years of their lives. It happens when the sugar levels are high in the blood but not high enough to be termed as diabetes.

Research suggests that adults aged less than 45 years who are also over-aged are more likely to be affected by prediabetes. Screening their sugar levels through an FPG test, A1C or an oral glucose tolerance test once every three years at least should be done. This way, the early presence of prediabetes can be detected and acted upon quickly.

Making a healthy change in the lifestyle, i.e., following a workout regimen, eating nutrient-rich diet, and taking a sound sleep can save you from developing diabetes. You can opt for healthy supplements cultured by experts on platforms like Halo Healthcare for better opinion.

  1.    Preventing and delaying Type 2 Diabetes

The primary and secondary preventive measures which can be deployed and their effectivity can only be measured if the traces of diabetes are identified in time through screening.

Simple lifestyle interventions and varying medications can be suggested to patients having or on the verge of developing Type 2 Diabetes. While it is recommended that changes in lifestyle can help the older adults with the reduction in urinary incontinence, protecting them from cardiovascular risks, and improving their quality of life; relatively healthy seniors can only pursue lifestyle interventions. The elders who are suffering from physical or cognitive impairment, often those above 70 years resist these changes.

When it comes to the clinical treatment of Type 2 diabetes in older adults, there isn’t any evidence that includes the prevention in this age group.

However, here are some tried and tested lifestyle interventions to treat diabetes in older adults and their results:

  1.    Glycemic Control

Glycemic Control refers to the regular monitoring of the glucose levels in the patient’s body. It requires assigning the patient the task of maintaining euglycemic blood sugar levels by educating him, devising a goal based strategy, and voluntary control. The primary concern here is to avoid Hyper or Hypoglycemia.

This might not be the best strategy for seniors as it deprives the brain glucose energy to function and can lead to cognitive disorders. Bad eating choices and overmedication are other side-effects of this treatment.

Though, by relaxing the rules of the treatment who are not functionally well the benefits of therapy can overweigh the risks involved.

  1.    Blood Pressure Control

The treatment of hypertension amongst older adults who have diabetes might prove helpful in avoiding cardiovascular contingencies. Then again, the studies were done on seniors who were not limited to but included older adults with diabetes.

Other than the above interventions, the studies conducted by the authorized domains have identified that Lipid Lowering and Aspirin are two more methods of diabetes prevention which might work for seniors who have a life expectancy at least as much as primary and secondary prevention trials.

Being an individualistic disorder, the patients need to be observed as separate entities to decide which treatment would work well on them.

What to Look for When Shopping for Ideal Chairs for Seniors

Sitting adds too much pressure on your spine. You have probably heard of individuals who have suffered spine related issues due to bad sitting posture. Yes, that’s right. If you do not get the best posture, it does not matter if you have been sitting on a very expensive chair or not; you are prone to suffering from backaches and other conditions.

The elderly, especially, need to have well-designed chairs as they are likely to spend most of their time sitting in the house as their mobility reduces with age. Comfort is therefore crucial in this case. You might notice that they may start complaining about aches and pain when on the chair and they even want to spend more time on the bed to avoid the discomfort. The best way to solve such issues is by taking your time and getting them a suitable chair that will suit their needs.

Which is the ideal chair for older adults? The answer to this question may vary from one person to the other based on every individual’s needs. There is a variety of options on the market, and sometimes it can be hard to choose the best. It is vital to be informed to ensure that you are making a sound decision. Let’s look at some of the main features to look for when shopping for elders.

Comfort, comfort!

Comfort is the number one feature to go for, be it for the elderly or the young. What’s the purpose of sitting if you cannot feel comfortable in that position? In this position, you should be feeling relaxed and less tired. You do not want a chair that strains your body, and you end up feeling like you have been working so hard while you were just seated. Chairs, in this case, are meant to reduce the amount of time the seniors spend in bed and improve their quality life, and you should, therefore, go for something that does exactly that.

Provision of head support

For seniors who have poor head control, you need to get additional head support to ensure that they do not strain too much trying to stay straight. Also, make sure that the support is soft and comfortable by maybe going for ones structured like pillows. The goal is to offer support to the head, neck and the spine. Head control affects other aspects such as breathing and eating. Having the head support feature on the seat saves you the hassle of trying to support them with your hands every time you want to feed them, and it is crucial for their health.

Feet rest

The feet are as important as the rest of the body. Approximately 19% of your body weight is exerted on the feet. As mentioned earlier, the elders have a declined mobility which means that their feet will experience little movement time, no stretching or exercises. It is therefore vital to check a chair with a place where they can load their feet for stability and pressure redistribution in their body. This ensures that even if they are not moving, their legs will remain in good condition.

Does the chair have wheels?

This is not mandatory, but it is necessary for easier movement around the home or care facility. It will make work easier for the caregiver to move the senior from one point to the next. Also, the elderly can conveniently move by themselves if there is no one around.

Pressure management

If the seniors are sitting for long hours and they cannot shift their weight whenever they feel like a position is getting uncomfortable, they will end up with body pain and especially the back. This can be avoided by getting a seat that is offering pressure management. It not only increases comfort but also reduces the chances of getting body sores.

Consider the chair’s height

Some people believe that they need a low chair to feel comfortable. However, that is not the case. The height of the chair might also depend on the person’s height. You do not want them to feel like they have to bed their body to place their feet on the floor comfortably. Also, do not go for too high as this will put too much pressure on their things and back.

Width and depth

A good seat should be able to the user’s breadth and the depth comfortably. Also, the seat should be able to take as much weight as the user may put on it.

Do not forget the material

The material is one of the major determinants of a chair’s comfort. A chair that is showing too much wood isdefinitely not the best choice to go for. It should have enough padding or a fabric cloth for comfort when sitting for long hours.

Posture is everything. The hands should be free to interact, consider the head’s balance over the body and ensure that the spine and pelvis are straight. These three should be able to guide you and help you get the right chair for your loved one for an improved lifestyle and enhanced health. All the best!