Early Childhood Development Stages and Beyond

There are many types of child development can be seen. The development of a child should do within a certain age range. The parents can observe through such behavior: how the child plays with a stranger or other people, how he/she call others, how many words they speak in a day, how they react while wearing their clothes, whether they wear by themselves, how long they play games etc. As they get older, parents can observe their reading and writing habits and how they perform in school or in the classroom. But the response rate of every child is different. Early childhood development follows some sequence for a child’s brain development. As per their development, they acquire some skills and proceed further for the next one. The skill may be to draw something, counting numbers, reading any readable book or paper, or it could be writing here and there. But all such skills could take time because the development of any child depends on the home environment, their society, their parent’s activities, etc.

Child development depends on some key resources. They are as follows:

  1. Child growths
  2. What nutrition provides to them
  3. Feeding skill
  4. What is the condition of their dental health
  5. Children sleep habits
  6. Children perceptual development
  7. Their characteristic development
  8. Children Aesthetic Development

All these key resources can be found in every single child as per their age section. Professionals need to keep watch all of these consideration for their study and use these references.

The most effective evaluation of children’s development begins with an assessment covering a broad age range, updated norms, growth scores to monitor progress over time, and updated items to reflect changes in society, technology and culture.

Through this content along with infographic we have discussed the early childhood and the development stages of the children. Hope this will be helpful.

Early Childhood Development Phases

How to Prevent Your Kids from Getting Addicted to Games on their Phones

When gaming consoles became extremely popular, children rushed to go home after school to play games. These days, the games are easily accessible using their mobile devices. Therefore, even if they’re still at school or other places, they can’t stop using their phones.

You know that this attitude is detrimental for several reasons. Your child ends up forgetting academic requirements due to the lack of focus on studies. Worse, their health could be at risk. Your child sleeps late at night. Exposure to radiation is also possible. The good thing is that you can now use EMF protection to protect your child from radiation produced by phones. Despite that, you still need to find a way so that your child will reduce screen time.

Set rules 

You can’t allow your child to use the phone at any time. You need to set clear rules. If there’s homework to finish, you need to check it first to guarantee that it’s done before letting your child play. You have to be strict in implementing this rule to send a clear message that playing games shouldn’t be a priority.

You also need a rule regarding curfews. You have to tell your child that when the time is up, phone use is no longer possible. Stop giving extensions even for just a few minutes. It also shows that you’re flexible regarding your rules. Next time, you can’t expect your child to listen to you.

Place parental controls on the phone

It’s easy to access your child’s phone now with parental controls. In doing so, you can prevent your child from playing games beyond the scheduled time. You also stop them from watching unnecessary or even violent content on social media. You might have to pay for premium parental control apps, but it’s worth the price.

Reward good academic results

You can also tell your child that there’s a reward for scoring high on a test or for reaching a specific grade. Your child understands that to reach that goal they need to spend less time playing video games. It’s not always good to use a reward system to instil positive behaviour, but it could work at times.

Be a role model 

You can’t expect your child to limit the time using their phone when you’re not doing the same thing. You have to be a good role model to guarantee that your child won’t disobey you. Even if you’re not into games, you could still spend several hours on your phone browsing social media content. You need to apply the same rules for your child to yourself. You will have more credibility as a parent when you do so. It’s not easy to ask your child to stop using their phone for video games, but you have to be consistent. Otherwise, you won’t be able to enforce rules for many other things.

Keeping Kids Healthy – What You Can Do as a Teacher

From the ages of around four until at least 16, we entrust the education of our children to our teachers. We put faith in their ability to prepare our kids for adult life. To nurture the individual gifts that every child has and encourage them to build a skill set around those gifts.

However, as a teacher, there is no doubt that you’re going to have a lot of influence over these children. The things that you say and the way you deal with them will shape their beliefs about adults and this will influence how they grow up to be. So, it shouldn’t come as that much of a surprise that most teachers will encourage children to be healthy. But how do you do this? What can you do to make sure the children grow up to be happy and healthy? Well, let’s find out.

Teach Them About Healthy Eating

If you are going to pass on information to the next generation, then you should probably teach them a little bit about healthy eating. It’s not difficult to try and convey the message that eating sugar and unhealthy foods will lead to health problems. It’s not about banning these products outright but teaching kids the importance of responsibility. If they have X amount of bad food one day, then they can’t have the same amount the next day. It’s just about cause-and-effect really, and there are ways to convey that to even young children.

Show Them Healthy Ways to Play

One of the best things that you can do when it comes to trying to teach children about being healthy is to show them a place where they can play that encourages physical activity. A lot of kids just sit and talk, and that’s not the way forward. You don’t just want to be stuck talking about what happened at lunch that day. You want the kids to be moving and be physically active because that will help to prevent unhealthy futures.

They need to see that there are ways to live that do not involve physical inactivity. If there is playground equipment, then it needs to be suitably appealing to younger people because otherwise you won’t get them using it. In much the same way, if there is a lot of different toys and games that they can use outdoors, it is a good idea to encourage their usage. Early years outdoor play is important to try and promote, because it creates good habits for the future.

Promote Sport Clubs

Sport clubs are a good idea because you’re going to want to make sure that there’s a lot of different options for people who want to try out a new sport or activity. It’s not hard to promote, you just have to make sure that no matter what, you’re pushing kids to try and be physically active.

So in conclusion, there’s a lot that you can do as a teacher to encourage physical fitness. It’s not always easy to do by any means, but it can be really fun if you appeal to the innate sense of play that all kids have. They need to experience play for themselves and learn that it is important to be physically active. That’s something that you can teach them in addition to all the other advice that you’ll pass on. It’s always nice to work important life lessons into school lessons because they stay with kids for longer. You must remember exactly what it is that you’re doing – imparting wisdom in all forms.

What can appendicitis do to you?

Do you experience pain in your lower abdomen quite often? Is it mostly to the right side? Has your abdomen bloated up? If you are experiencing any of these signs, then it’s bad news for you. These symptoms indicate that you have appendicitis. What is it exactly? Appendicitis is the condition where your appendix swells up and leads to fatal circumstances if left untreated. To correct the disorder, you either need to surgically remove the appendix, or reduce the inflammation using very strong antibiotics.

The appendix is a band of tissues forming a tube-like structure, with a length of 3 and a half inch. It extends from your larger intestine. There is not much important role that this organ plays in your body. Therefore you can easily survive without an appendix, with no serious consequences to worry about.

What is appendicitis?

When you are suffering from appendicitis, the best thing to do is to remove it surgically. Appendicitis is one kind of a medical emergency, which you need to treat immediately to avoid any further health threats. When you fail to treat appendicitis at the right time, your appendix will keep inflaming further. Gradually it will lead to a state where it can easily burst, spreading various infectious components into your abdominal cavity. Such activity can lead to a condition called peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum or abdominal cavity), which can prove to be lethal.

What is an abscessed appendix?

Before understanding abscessed appendix, you need to know what abscess is. An abscess is an infection that walls off from remaining part of your body. Sometimes pus may be formed within abscess, forming a film surrounding the appendix. The wound tissue then walls off your appendix from your abdomen, which prevents the spreading of infection. However, the abscessed appendix can perforate or burst, leading to peritonitis. This is the reason why you should never leave appendicitis untreated, to protect yourself from fatal consequences.

Causes of appendicitis

You suffer from appendicitis due to very peculiar factors. The major reason behind the disorder is that your appendix gets blocked, which can be because of:

  • Hard or constipated stool
  • The entrance of infection or foreign body
  • Cancer

Possible symptoms

Few of the classical signs of appendicitis have been listed below for your convenience:

  1. A typical dull pain or soreness near your navel region (upper abdomen). Gradually you start feeling very sharp pain, as you move down towards the right side of your lower abdomen. This is the primary symptom of appendicitis.
  2. You will not feel hungry, which will further contribute to the loss of body weight.
  3. With the beginning of abdominal pain, you start feeling nauseous.
  4. High fever with body temperature, ranging from 99 to 102 Fahrenheit.
  5. Difficulty in passing gas.
  6. Overall inflammation of your abdomen.

About 50 percent of the other signs of appendicitis starts appearing gradually.

  1. Dull or steeping pain in both the upper and lower abdomen, extending to your back and rectum.
  2. Extremely painful cramps.
  3. Feel severe pain and discomfort during urination.
  4. Vomiting due to excessive pain in the abdomen.
  5. Diarrhea or constipation that is accompanied by gas.

If you are facing any of these symptoms, immediately contact your doctor for medical attention. It is very important that you diagnose and treat appendicitis at the right time. Avoid drinking or eating any food items that contain laxatives, using remedies for pain relief, antacids or heating pads. These factors may easily contribute to rupture of your inflamed appendix.

How to diagnose appendicitis?

Diagnosing appendicitis is a very tricky affair. This is because the signs of appendicitis are very close to other ailments of your digestive tract, such as:

  • Gallbladder associated issues
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Infection of the urinary tract or urinary bladder
  • Gastritis
  • Problems related to ovary

Certain tests that can specifically help you identify appendicitis are:

  1. Examination of rectum
  2. Ultrasound or CT scan
  3. Urine test for identifying infections in the urinary bladder or tract
  4. Examination of the abdomen for detecting inflammation
  5. Certain blood tests to check whether your body is combating any infections or not

Treatment for appendicitis

The safest and standard treatment that your doctor will propose in case of appendicitis is appendectomy. The procedure involves surgically removing of appendix so that there is no threat of rupture and infection in your body. However if abscess forms around your appendix, you need to undergo two different procedures.

  • One treatment will ensure that the abscess drains all the flow fluids and pus.
  • The other treatment involves the removal of your appendix surgically.

If you are in the initial stages of appendicitis, the doctor may prescribe you some strong antibiotics to treat appendix.

What to expect from an appendectomy?

Before appendectomy, you will be given antibiotics to fight and reduce inflammation of the peritoneum (peritonitis). Next, the doctor will perform general anesthesia on you before the surgery begins. The surgeon can either remove your appendix with the help of laparoscopy or through a cut of about 4 inches. In case you still have peritonitis, the surgeon will irrigate or drain out all the pus from your abdomen.

Do not be scared thinking how long you have to bed rest after the surgery. With the advancement in science and technology, no surgery is gravely difficult nowadays. You can easily move and walk around within 12 hours of appendectomy. To resume your casual daily activities, you need to wait for 2 to 3 weeks.

However, if you face the following symptoms post the surgery, instantly call up your doctor:

  • Blood in urine or vomit
  • Uncontrolled vomit
  • Feeling of dizziness
  • Fever
  • Presence of pus in wounds
  • A gradual increase in redness and pain at the site of incision
  • Increasing abdominal pain

Prevention

There is no particular way by which you prevent appendicitis. However, certain changes in your diet can help you lessen the chances. Go for foods that are very rich sources of fiber, like fresh vegetables and fruits and stay healthy.

Pediatric Dentistry 101: What Does a Pediatric Dentist Do?

For most parents, nothing is more important than their children. If you are a parent, you must be going the extra mile to ensure your children’s welfare and health.  This is especially true during the children’s formative years. You want to provide them with a strong foundation that sets them up for a fulfilling, healthy life.

You are probably taking care of all their diet and education. But how much attention do you give to their dental health? If you’re like most parents, then you probably take them to a local doctor or dentist only when they fall sick or develop a cavity problem.

Part of your responsibility as a parent is taking care of your child’s teeth. You must ensure that they are healthy and free from cavities. However, to ensure this, you and your child need to pay regular visits to the local pediatric dentist.

Who is a pediatric dentist? A pediatric dentist—also known as a pedodontist—is a dentist specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of children’s dental problems from infancy to young adulthood.

Dedicated to children’s oral health, a pediatric dentist is qualified to take care of your child’s mouth, gums, and teeth throughout their childhood and teen years. Following is a more detailed look at pediatric dentists, what they do, the qualifications they have, and the services they offer. Additionally, we provide you with a list of the important things to consider when choosing a pediatric dentist.

What Is a Pediatric Dentist—Pediatric Dentistry Explained

Children start getting their baby teeth, a process known as teething, before they are 6 months old. Generally, these baby teeth are intact until the child reaches their 6th or 7th birthday. From this age onwards, the child’s baby teeth start to come off, only to be replaced with permanent teeth. If you are not careful about your child’s oral health, then they may develop serious dental problems such as oral decay and disease. These can result in a lifetime of pain and complications. The good news is that there is someone to take care of your child’s teeth for you—a pediatric dentist.

Being medical professionals with specialized qualifications, pediatric dentists cater to children who need general dental care or have special needs such as dental filling and emergency care. After graduating from dental school, pediatric dentists need to undertake two to three years of further training before they can practice their profession, ensuring that your children’s oral health is in safe hand.

Dentists that work closely with general dentist and pediatricians, pediatric dentists are recognized by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). Primary and specialty oral care providers for infants and children through adolescence, pediatric dentists offer a wide range of treatment options as well as expertise and training for taking care of your child’s oral health. You can find out more about pediatric dentistry in the following section.

What Are the Services or Treatments Provided by a Pediatric Dentist?

With a pediatric dentist, your child’s oral health is in safe hand. This is because pediatric dentists offer comprehensive oral healthcare that includes the following:

Infant Oral Health Exams—Includes an assessment of risk for caries in mother and child

Pediatric Dental Exam—Comprehensive examination is carried out to determine the state of your child’s oral health and recommend/provide preventive measures

Preventive Dental Care—Fluoride treatments, dental cleaning, and diet/nutrition recommendations

Counseling on Habits—For sucking of the thumb, use of a pacifier, etc.

Initial Evaluation and Treatment—Performed for fixing or straightening teeth via orthodontics

Repairing—Includes repairing of defects or tooth cavities

Diagnosis of Oral Conditions—These are oral conditions associated with health problems such as hyperactivity disorder, hay fever, asthma, congenital heart defect, and diabetes

Gum Diseases Management—This includes the management of pediatric periodontal disease, mucoceles, and ulcers

Dental Injury Care—Dental emergency treatment, this includes care for dental injuries such as displaced, fractured, or broken teeth

At a pediatric dental exam, the dentist may perform the following procedures:

  • A comprehensive dental examination that provides you with important information on taking care of your child’s teeth/oral health. The examination may also include cleaning, habit counseling, and fluoride treatments
  • To increase protection for your child’s teeth, sealants may be recommended and applied
  • The pediatric dentist may recommend a suitable treatment, such as space maintainers, extractions, crowns or fillings if cavities are found in your child’s teeth
  • The potential need for orthodontic procedures may be determined using exams and X-rays
  • Diagnosis and treatment of pediatric gum disease

With a pediatric dental exam, your child gets early and appropriate dental care. This can help prevent many oral health problems later in your child’s life.

Choosing the Right Pediatric Dentist—Some Things to Consider

So, now you know what pediatric dentists do and why they are critical for maintaining your child’s oral health. But how do you ensure a local pediatric dentist is right for your child? By looking for the following signs:

Education and Experience—Make sure that the pediatric dentist you choose for your child has the required qualifications and training as well as experience in providing the oral healthcare service that you seek for your child. Another thing to ensure is that the dentist is a licensed member of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD).

A Fun, Relaxing Environment—Make sure that visiting a pediatric dentist is not a frightening experience for your child. Make sure that the office of the pediatric dentist you choose is designed to be a bright, happy place that fulfills both the physical and psychological needs of children. More importantly, the dentist should be good with children and talk in a language they understand. After all, the comfort of your child is the most important thing!

When choosing a pediatric dentist, look for qualified and experienced pediatric dentists and a fun, relaxing environment. These ensure that your child walks out of our clinic happy and with a bright smile!

How to fight digestion issues during pregnancy?

Congratulations! You are undoubtedly both anxious and thrilled on being pregnant, aren’t you? Well, you might be feeling a little nauseous all the time, but that is natural. Moreover, morning sickness, as you may call it, is extremely common that can happen to you during pregnancy. Another common thing like morning sickness is a digestion problem, which surely gives you quite a lot of troubles.

Already you have so many restrictions regarding your diet and lifestyle. When digestion issues top that all, it can actually be very frustrating. You think, “okay, what else do I need to alter in the diet now? Aren’t the existing ones enough?”

On the other hand, the good news is that the nausea signs usually go away within 3 months of pregnancy. However, the bad news is these 3 months can be extremely traumatic and frustrating. You may get nausea due to a lot of factors like gassiness, constipation, and acid reflux or heartburn. These symptoms tend to become worse, as your pregnancy ascends. Well, you can actually get rid of these digestion problems and in turn, fight nausea with these simple small steps.

Digestion problems during pregnancy

 

Check out easy ways to fight digestion problems when you’re expecting:

  1. Constipation

In normal conditions, your bowel pushes out stool through a process called peristalsis. During this time, the muscle linings in your bowel start contracting and relaxing in an undulating motion.

When you are pregnant, your progesterone level goes very high. This makes it hard for your bowel muscles to continue the motion of contraction and relaxations. Thus, you literally struggle to pass your stool comfortably by peristalsis.

Generally, when you do not have enough supply of dietary fiber in your foods, you get constipation. However, you should keep in mind that constipation during pregnancy is not exactly because of the dietary fiber deficit. It is the progesterone hormone elevation that is actually making you suffer.

 

  1. Heartburn

It is actually acid reflux, which means you are having extreme acidity that is causing a burning sensation in your chest. It is also a very common problem that you face during pregnancy, caused by your very own progesterone hormone.

This sweet friend of yours can land you up in a lot of troubles during pregnancy. However, you should always learn to seek solutions for such issues rather than getting frustrated. During this condition, progesterone poses an effect on your sphincter muscles lining the esophagus above your stomach. This muscles normally restricts acids formed in your stomach within your stomach itself. However, due to progesterone impact, these sphincter muscles relax and releases the acid upwards reaching your esophagus. Thus, you feel a painful burning sensation on your chest.

 

  1. Food Aversions

You mostly feel nauseous towards food items in your initial trimester, and it is manageable too. During this time, you feel irritated and pukish with the smell of certain foods that you’re normally very fond of. It is absolutely normal to feel this way while being pregnant.

You mostly feel nauseous when your blood glucose level goes down. At the time of pregnancy, this is exactly what happens. From nausea, you develop a sense of food abhorrence that makes you feel like vomiting all the time.

How to cure digestion issues during pregnancy?

 

To combat constipation, the first and foremost thing that you should do is drink lots of water all day. If you keep your body hydrated throughout the day, a lot of problems related to your flushing system resolves.

Eat foods that are rich in vitamin C and magnesium. These nutrients help in supplying water to your bowels, in order to ease out the process of peristalsis. Are you eating supplements containing lots of iron? If you are anemic, consult with your doctor to give you other alternatives. Iron promotes constipation to a great extent. So, you better check your diet schedule.

To get rid of heartburn, go for small meals that have high calories and nutrient content. Always eat at a slower pace, and chew the food properly before swallowing. Do not drink a lot of water while having your meals, since it fills up your appetite faster. You may sip herbal tea, ginger tea, peppermint tea or water in between your meals to ease the digestion process. Never lie down on a bed or couch after you eat meals. Always sit up straight to complete your digestion properly. Wear clothes that are loose to feel comfortable while eating.

When you are feeling nauseous, it means you and your baby is out of energy (glucose). To overcome nausea, you need to eat foods rich in carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are excellent sources of glucose. You may also have a cup of ginger tea due to vitamin B6 supplements, to ward off nausea.

Now coming to food aversion, try out some variations that you think might work for you. Go for baked yams with ample clarified butter or have bone broth. Have meals supplemented with cottage cheese, yogurt or tofu. If you are not a dairy person, try out cottage cheese with a coconut milk base. Have fermented cod liver oil in your foods, along with scrambled eggs (more the yolk, better the results).

Additional tips to improve digestion

To keep your body healthy and active, remember to exercise every day for at least half an hour. It will help you intensify digestion process and also ease bowel motions, thereby eliminating chances of constipation. Go for a nice morning or evening walk, or stroll down the park to keep your body active and flexible.

Remember to consume at least 28 grams of dietary fiber each day to facilitate better digestion. Among fruits, go for bananas, oranges, apples, mangoes, and strawberries. Eat green and leafy vegetables and whole grains for proper good fiber supply.

Whenever you are changing your diet routine, always consult your dietician. If you feel any sort of discomfort in the diet, talk to your doctor and ask for suggestions. Do not alter anything on

All you should know about Ulcerative Colitis

When you hear about Ulcerative Colitis (UC), you may often confuse it with Irritable bowel disease (IBS) or Crohn’s disease. Although the symptoms are quite similar, the diseases are far different. UC also falls under the category of inflammatory bowel disease. However, it majorly targets your colon or large intestine. The disease results in causing irritation in your colon, which further leads to swelling or inflammation. When your colon gets swollen due to irritation, it results in the formation of sores or ‘ulcers’ on its walls.

You need to remember that there is no specific cure for Ulcerative Colitis. However, there are medical and surgical treatments available for adverse cases when you don’t have any other options left. If you can cure UC with the right form of treatment at the right stage, you may prevent adverse consequences. When the condition of your colon becomes worse, there is no other way but to go for surgically removing it.

What are the causes of Ulcerative Colitis?

In simple words, UC is mainly caused when your immune system fails to work effectively. The immunological functioning of your body decides whether you are capable of resisting infection or becoming susceptible to it. There are various immunological barriers in your body that marks and ensures absolute protection from harmful invasion of microbes.

Here is an example for you as in what goes wrong with your immune system during the normal and abnormal defense.

When you have a common cold under normal conditions, your immune system identifies foreign bacteria or viruses as intruders and fights. However, in UC your immune system identifies the good bacteria in your gut, food, and cells lining the colon as intruders. Thus, your body’s own immune system turns against you. WBCs or white blood corpuscles normally protects you during infections, but now turns against the walls of your colon. Such kind of undesired immunological mechanism causes inflammation in your colon linings and results in the formation of ulcers.

If you seek the attention of doctors to know why UC happens, they might not be able to reason you. It is still not quite medically clear as to why ulcerative colitis happens in the first place. The possible reasons to support your questions may be an unhealthy lifestyle, environmental factors, and food habits. Adding on to that, another prominent reason behind UC can be a genetic predisposition. If you have UC running in your family for generations, there is a possibility that you may inherit the disease. Stress and anxiety are not directly related to causing UC, but you never know how it’s contributing towards its induction.

Possible symptoms of ulcerative colitis:

The most prominent sign of ulcerative colitis that you will experience is bloody diarrhea. If you closely observe your stools, you may also notice the presence of pus. These two symptoms are clearly indicative of the fact that you have ulcerative colitis. Other characteristic features of being affected by UC are:

  1. Dehydration
  2. Cramping pain in your belly
  3. Feeling of fullness or not hungry
  4. Sudden loss of body weight
  5. Abnormal discharges for emptying your colon at once
  6. Fever
  7. Pain in your joints or soreness
  8. Fatigue or tiredness
  9. Mouth ulcers or canker sores
  10. Skin sores
  11. A certain feeling like your colon is still not empty even after going to the bathroom
  12. Pain in the eyes when you suddenly look at bright lights
  13. Anemia (lowering of the number of RBCs in your bloodstream)
  14. Difficulty in controlling your stools or hold it

These symptoms may abruptly hit you right away, subside after some time and again come back. Ulcerative colitis can bother you for several weeks, months or even years. You need to be very careful with your food habits during such vulnerable times.

One more thing that you should remember while looking for a cure for UC, is to never confuse Ulcerative colitis with Crohn’s disease or irritable bowel disease. The treatment may go horribly wrong if you think the other way.

Even though Crohn’s disease also causes swelling of your abdomen, but it doesn’t concern any region of the digestive tract. For ulcerative colitis, it is not just any region but specifically the large intestine and inner lining of your colon. Irritable bowel disease also reflects some of the signs of UC, but it does not cause ulcers or inflammation. IBS is strictly restricted to causing problems within the inner lining of muscles of your intestines.

How to diagnose Ulcerative Colitis?

When you visit a doctor regarding the treatment of ulcerative colitis, he will first give some diagnostic tests for detection. Different tests are assigned to different forms of bowel diseases. You will be suggested the tests specific to UC, distinct from any other gut diseases. Some specific blood tests will help you identify whether you are anemic or have inflammation. You may be asked to perform stool tests as well for the detection of any unnatural pus in it. Stool tests will majorly reveal if you have any parasites or infection causing microbes in the lining of your colon. Through these tests, you may also see traces of blood in your stool that you couldn’t normally figure out. Other diagnostic tests include flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy.

  1. In flexible sigmoidoscopy, the doctor majorly focusses on not the whole colon but just its lower part. Through your butt, the doctor will insert a bendy tube in the lower colon area. This tube has a small camera and a light source to capture images for detection of ulcers and inflammation.
  2. In a colonoscopy, the doctor scans your entire colon for the presence of ulcers and swollen areas, unlike flexible sigmoidoscopy. During the detection, the doctor may even introduce a blue colored dye within your colon. Such kind of advanced colonoscopy is known as chromoendoscopy. The doctor uses color dyes for the detection of regions in your colon that has been affected by ulcerative colitis.

Sometimes doctors can even perform a biopsy, by removing small chunks of your colon for UC diagnosing tests. X-rays are generally not used for UC detection.

 

The Crazy Ride of Life of ADHD

ADHD stands for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects the patient, starting from childhood and lasts into adulthood.

Children with ADHD have difficulty in paying attention and have no control over their impulsive behaviors along with moving too excessively. This inability to control their behavior eventually affects their lives, causing depression and stress.

Cause of ADHD

There can be many reasons as to why children suffer from ADHD.

While,

Researches being carried out show that ADHD can be caused;

  • Due to brain injury
  • Use of Alcohol during pregnancy
  • Premature delivery
  • Low weight at birth
  • Use of tobacco during pregnancy

Apart from the above-mentioned causes, ADHD can occur due to many other problems such as watching too much television and consuming an excessive amount of sugar. There are no definitive causes of ADHD as it can also develop as a result of experiencing stress or going through strong emotions.

Signs and Symptoms of ADHD

Below the age of four, it is hard to distinguish ADHD symptoms from inattentiveness and impulsivity.

In order for a doctor to diagnose ADHD,

children must have more than five symptoms which are closely linked with the neurodevelopmental disorder.

The three main indicators of ADHD are;

  • Inattentiveness
  • Hyperactive
  • Impulsive Behavior

The symptoms are further categorized in different types, associated with the signs.

Inattentiveness

Some of the symptoms that are associated with inattentiveness are;

  • Failing to pay attention to minor details, as a result making careless mistakes  
  • Ignoring the instructions given to them
  • Not being able to cope with tasks that require mental effort
  • Forgetting daily tasks frequently

Impulsive Behavior

Another sign of ADHD is the inability to self-control, symptoms are;

  • Difficultly in being seated
  • Excessive talking along with blurting out answers
  • Restlessness in adults
  • Intruding upon others
  • Not being able to take part in activities quietly
  • Struggling to wait for the turn

The symptoms of ADHD may reduce while the patient goes into adulthood while some of the signs might be retained by the grown-up.

Life With ADHD

People with ADHD can be successful but only if it is diagnosed timely.

Children who suffer from ADHD find it hard to function independently. They may experience delays while speaking or having a conversation with anyone. ADHD slows down the motor skills of children, hence their performance level decreases making it hard for them to focus. Their lack of control on their emotion reduces their frustration tolerance level and they end up having mood swings.

If not diagnosed on time,

People with ADHD can go through serious trauma in life as they face academic failure, job failure and can even have problem while driving.

Failing to achieve all that other people can, creates a sense of negativity, that could lead the people with ADHD towards substance abuse. Girls with ADHD are prone to eating disorders.

ADHD patients in their teenage, face a special kind of challenge. As this phase of their lives requires increase in their academic and social life, they have a hard time in doing so.

Dealing with peer pressure at such an age along with the urge of establishing themselves, makes teenage a very tough phase of life for them.

As the patient starts to grow up, ADHD’s affects become less evident. 75 percent of children experience symptoms of ADHD in their adulthood. The life of an adult with ADHD is nothing far from a pond of difficulties and hurdles.

Some of the most common problems faced by adults with ADHD is depression, conduct disorder and substance abuse. The challenging environment that adults with ADHD live in, creates difficulty for them to cope with work life as well as social life.

In some cases,

It becomes the root cause of depression.

Here’s how the brain’s functionality is affected by ADHD

ADHD causes trouble for individuals to maintain attention which in turn reduces their working memory. The loss of ability to organize, makes them less efficient. ADHD creates difficulty in maintaining the executive function.

Executive function, is the brain’s capability to organize the thoughts in terms of prioritizing and managing them into actions.

With the help of executive function, a normal person makes long-term plans and manages the consequences whereas an individual with ADHD faces a loss of executive functions.

As a result, it becomes hard for that particular individual to set long-term goals and has higher chances of becoming incompetent.

Treatment

Treatment for ADHD is close monitoring of behavior and tackling ADHD according to the symptoms.

Behavior therapy is considered as the first choice of therapy along with medication. To reduce the effects of depression, increase brain’s functionality and reduce impulsive behavior, doctors recommend Adderall. You can buy Adderall online and control the effects of ADHD.

If you want to know more about ADHD, or if you’re looking to buy Adderall online, visit Health2delivery.

What Is Infant Torticollis?

Infant torticollis, also called wryneck or loxia, is a persistent, involuntary turning of the head to one side or the other, with the chin pointing upward.  It may be genetic, or the result of a birth injury, or persistent mispositioning of the infant. It may be present at birth or develop as the infant grows older.

What Are the Symptoms?

Sometimes, torticollis is obvious. The infant has his or her head turned to one side and seems unable to turn it the other way or has a very limited range of motion. Other signs are subtler and may require a medical diagnosis. These include: persistent turning of the head to one side, headache (very difficult to diagnose infants), head tremors, neck pain, one shoulder constantly higher than the other, neck muscle stiffness, neck muscle swelling, and persistently pointing the chin upwards.

Is It Painful for the Infant?

This depends on the severity of the torticollis and what else is going on. Symptoms can include headache and neck pain, but in an infant who cannot yet talk, it can be every hard to distinguish from infant distress that has other causes. On the other hand, the neck may be tender or in spasm, and it will be obvious if gentle turning of the head in the direction opposite to the twist causes the infant pain. It all depends on the source of the problem, how severe it is, and how the infant reacts to it. Some infants may be in quite a bit of pain, while others will not appear to notice it. Even if the infant is not distressed, however, it is not a normal condition and needs to be dealt with medically. It is also much harder to treat successfully if care is delayed.

What Does It Look Like?

What Is Infant Torticollis?

How Is It Diagnosed?

As noted, sometimes it’s obvious. If it’s not, the diagnostic modalities available include CAT scans, MRI scans, and electromyography (EMG) of the neck to determine if the response of the neck muscles is normal. A physical exam will reveal whether the neck muscles are shortened and whether the head persistently tilts to one side with the chin up.

What Are the Causes?

Birth injury is one cause. This can consist of too forceful application of delivery forceps, vacuum extraction injury, or too-vigorous pulling in the infant during delivery. Acquired, rather than genetic, causes, include spinal misalignment while in the womb or abnormal presentation during delivery, such as the breech position.

After birth, torticollis may occur due to tonsillitis, tumors both benign and malignant, falling from high places, other accidents affecting the head and neck, or too much time spent lying down in car seats, strollers, and the like. Grisel’s syndrome, in which swelling (inflammation) of the tissues surrounding the atlanto-axial joint (where the head and the spine meet) forces the joint out of alignment, is a rare cause. The most common finding at surgery is a fibrous mass within the sternocleomastoid muscle, which is the primary muscle responsible for turning the head.

How Common is It?

Infant torticollis is the third most common congenital deformity. About one in 250 babies are born with torticollis, making it a relatively common birth condition. About one in 20 babies born with torticollis also have hip dysplasia, in which the socket of the hip joint does not fully contain the ball at the top of the thigh bone. Figures on acquired torticollis (developed after birth) are less exact.

Can It Be Prevented?

Since the bulk of infant torticollis is due to birth injury, the only preventive measure we can take now – according to doctors – is to encourage doctors to be gentle and careful during deliveries. And for the small portion caused by persistent lying down in the wrong position, make sure the child’s position is proper and check it frequently.

What Are the Allopathic Treatment Options?

If torticollis is present at birth, the only recommended treatment in allopathic (traditional) medicine is gentle stretching, followed by physical therapy when the infant is older. Surgery should not be considered until after the infant is four years old (some experts say one) and all other treatments have failed. Other treatments that can be tried up to age four include heat, traction, and massage therapy; medication, and routine periodic injections of botulinum toxin, which temporarily paralyzes the muscles causing the abnormal head tilt. None of these methods are guaranteed to work, including physical therapy.

What Are the Chiropractic Treatment Options?

Chiropractic medicine takes a holistic view of both the illness and the patient. The chief approaches, some of which overlap with those used by allopathic medicine, are adjustments of the spine, head, and neck. Adjustments to both the cranial bones and the soft tissues can be made. Chiropractors generally do not use medications but may offer supplements as an adjunct to treatment.

What About Surgery?

Allopathic physicians agree that surgery should be reserved for children over four (some experts say one) for whom all other treatments have failed. Only around 5% of children with torticollis are treated with surgery. The surgical technique varies, but the general aim is to lengthen the sternocleomastoid muscle, usually by cutting the fibrous internal mass which is often sound within the muscle. Most surgery is done with an open approach, but research for laparoscopic approaches is ongoing. The most common complication is hematoma (a collection of blood under the skin that results in a swelling.) A very few children may require more than one operation for the best cosmetic result.

What Is Chiropractic Treatment For Infantile Torticolis Like?

At the initial visit, the doctor will take a careful history of the child. If there is any doubt about the diagnosis, an order of any additional tests, such as an X-rays, may be needed. Once a diagnosis of infant torticollis is confirmed, and the degree of misalignment is determined, the doctor will use the appropriate cranioskeletal or other manipulation techniques to begin the process of treatment. Because the objective will be to correct any misalignment and relax or lengthen the muscle, immediate results cannot be expected. Muscles do not lengthen to normal from an abnormally contracted position instantly, and trying to move too fast risks injury or failure of the treatment, so several visits will be required.

9 Effective Tips To Keep Your Baby’s Teeth Healthy

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Remember that first giggly smile of your baby? That winning gappy smile is enough to melt the coldest of heart. Little by little your baby’s gorgeous gummy smile gets replaced with a couple of pearly whites. And this is where the need for oral care arises.

When your baby’s teeth are on their way in, you should start taking care of them. A good oral hygiene practice must be followed from the time when your baby gets the first tooth.

Although this set of choppers will be there only for a short time, proper care of the teeth is essential to keep your baby’s gums and those future permanent teeth healthy. If you have no idea how to take proper care of your baby’s teeth, here are some effective tips to help you out.

Start Caring Before Baby’s Teeth Come In

It is essential to care and clean your kid’s mouth even before the teeth comes in. Even though the primary teeth of your baby are temporary tools for chomping, it’s no less important to take proper care of them to ensure their good dental health.

These initial teeth will be replaced by their permanent pearls but establishing the habits with good nutrition can make the permanent ones healthy and strong.

Wipe the Gums Off After Each Feeding

Make sure to wipe off your baby’s gums after feeding to prevent bacterial growth in the mouth. Use a warm, wet washcloth or dampened gauze wrapped around your finger to clean the gum.

Doing this long before the appearance of the first teeth will promote good oral health. You can even opt for thimble-like, soft rubbery devices to wipe off excess food.

Start Brushing With Toothpaste at Age 2

9 Effective Tips To Keep Your Baby’s Teeth Healthy happy brush

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It is very exciting to see the baby’s first tooth poking through the gums. But it also brings responsibility to parents to take care of the teeth.  This is where you need to start brushing your bay’s teeth.

Gently wipe clean the first teeth with a clean, damp washcloth, a gauze pad and clean the front of the tongue with a finger brush after meals and at bedtime.

Once the teeth are grown in, use very soft bristled toothbrush with no more than three rows of bristles and a little fluoride toothpaste to clean the teeth.  Also, make sure to toss the toothbrush that is more than two to four months old, as it can give a chance to nasty mouth bacteria to build up in the mouth.

Watch Out for Signs of Cavities

Discoloration and minor pitting are some of the earliest signs of cavities in a baby’s teeth. If you notice any brownish or white stains or depressions in your baby’s teeth, you should see a dentist.

Don’t forget to take your baby for his/her first dentist appointment before they reach the age of 1. A thorough examination of the child’s mouth is important to ensure that there are no developing issues.

Be Mindful Of Diet

The right building block is essential for your baby to have pearly whites. So make sure your baby is having an adequate amount of calcium, phosphorus, fluoride, and other minerals and vitamins that are crucial for healthy gums.

Babies start having solid food around 6 months of age so they should get enough vitamins and minerals to keep their teeth healthy and strong.

Take Away the Pacifier

9 Effective Tips To Keep Your Baby’s Teeth Healthy pacifier

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Pacifier is one of the comforting staples for baby. Whether you need to stop the baby from screaming in public places or put your overtired baby into sleep, pacifiers can be a lifesaver.  But do you know the comforting pacifier can be harmful to their developing mouths when used for too long?

Using pacifier for a long time can cause teeth misalignment and lead to larger dental problems later in life. Just like the pacifier, the thumb sucking can also affect alignment and the development of the teeth of your baby. So, it is better to replace the pacifier with a sippy cup when it’s no longer nutritionally required to use a bottle.

Regulate the Fluoride Intake

While a little amount of fluoride is good for your baby’s dental health, too much of it can cause fluorosis. Hence, it’s important to use only a little amount of fluoride toothpaste until your kid is old enough to spit it out.

When your baby is 6 months old, make sure he/she gets a certain amount of fluoride from water used to make formula or the drinking water.

Limit the Intake of Sugary Food

Although sugary foods are usually the favorite of kids, it can be a tooth’s worst enemy. When the sweet substance clings to their teeth, it can result in cavity and tooth decay. So, for their good dental health, it is better to cut down on how often your baby eats sugary foods and drink.

If you are buying baby foods, look for the ones without sugar. Also, limit the juice intake of your child to no more than 4 ounces a day or opt for non-sugary drinks.

Avoid Bottle at Bedtime

Don’t put your baby down for a nap with a bottle of juice or milk. Such sugary liquids feed the bacteria in the mouth by clinging to the teeth.

When the sweeteners in juices or milk stick to teeth for too long, it causes tooth decay. So, if you are allowing your child to take a bottle to bed, make sure it contains only water.

Wrapping Up

Even if your baby doesn’t have any teeth yet, proper oral care is a must to prevent cavities later on. Cleaning the gums after feeding can be a critical start and make sure to take the best care of their first tooth.

By taking good care of the first set of pearly whites, you will establish good dental habits for your baby for years to come. Establishing perfect oral hygiene from the beginning will help your kid enjoy the benefits even after the milk teeth are gone.

If your baby has teething troubles, find a local dentist to schedule a dental evaluation. Follow the above tips to safeguard your baby’s teeth and dental future.